Posted by aliciapit on December 21st, 2020
According to Bordens and Abbott, non-experimental designs consist of naturalistic observation, ethnography, sociometry, the case history, archival research and content analysis. An observation is a purposeful, organized perception and registration of object behavior. This is the oldest method, together with a psychological introspection. It may be done by using observational instruments and recording the results, which include audio, photo, and video experiment, special observation cards and others. A naturalistic observation is chosen as the non-experimental method because of its efficiency in the area of treatment of disorders. I believe that due to the fact that the object of study of the research paper is individual treatment modes to conduct disorder, a doctor will be able to monitor the patient during the treatment. It will be offered to apply procedures to the patient, which can be carried out in a playing, cognitive or testing form. For example, a testing form can help the doctor to conduct the patient’s psychological portrait, as well as identify his predisposition to specific actions. A cognitive form can help to find out the level of the patient’s perception relating one or other problem. In addition to this, a playing form may have positive impact on the patient and, therefore, contribute to his fastest healing. This is why my opinion is that the method of naturalistic observation is the most helpful while treating this particular disease as mentioned in excel assignments.
There are two types of the observation, which are the next: 1) observed persons know that their behavior is fixed by a researcher (for example, in the study of the dynamic behavior of a group of climbers or a submarine crew); and 2) observed people do not aware that their behavior is fixed (for example, children playing inside a room, or a group of intimates in a common cell, etc.). The discussed research proposal is going to discuss the type of the observation in which the observed people know that their behavior is fixed by a researcher in order to obtain more adequate results. The crucial role in the method plays a psychologist’s personality, especially when dealing with male adolescents aged 14 – 16 who have different kinds of disorders contributed to their unsuccessful life in the society. People get used to a psychologist after a period of time and start to behave naturally with an opened observation, if the treated one does not provoke a special to him/her attitude.
The procedure of the research with the help of naturalistic research consists of the following stages, which are: 1) an object of observation (behavior) or situations are defined; 2) it is selected the method of observation and recording the data; 3) the construction observation plan is built; 4) the method for processing the results is being chosen; and 5) it is conducted the processing and interpretation of one of the obtained information. The subject of observation may have different features of verbal and nonverbal behavior. In this case, the researcher can observe: 1) acts of speech (content, sequence, frequency, duration, intensity, etc.); 2) expressive movement, face expression, eye, body, etc.; 3) the movement itself, such as the movement and fixed conditions between them, the direction of the movement, the speed, etc.; and 4) physical impacts like touch kicks, the punches, the effort transmission, and others).
The book written by Bordens and Abbott, particularly chapter 8 called ‘Using non-experimental research’ helps in defining one of the non-experimental methods when conducting a treatment of disorder for male adolescents aged 14 – 16 by discussing the types of the non-experimental methods, as well as their pros and cons. Schau, Muñiz, and Arnold, discusses the methods that can be chosen for treating disorders from male teenagers. The authors also cover the issue of importance of the designed method, as well as outline possible problems related to it.
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About the Authoraliciapit
Joined: December 21st, 2020
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