A defendant's has three options at the pretrial conference

Posted by Winni on December 26th, 2020

We have to accept the offer from the prosecutor, including any sentencing agreements, then plead “guilty” or “no contest.” But the judge must still approve the settlement.

Reject the offer from the prosecutor but still plead "guilty" or "no contest" to the first charges. Both sides would then have the proper to invite any sentence they need . Maintain his or her plea of acquitted and invite an attempt .


These conferences are important for meetings between the judge and both attorneys. In these meetings, major matters concerning the upcoming trial can be addressed and dealt with it. Experienced counsel will use a pretrial conference to both gain a favourable position going into the trial and determine how a judge will likely handle the trial. In this article we see what is a pretrial conference and what happens there. 


Pretrial conferences may occur any time after the filing of an information or indictment. However, almost every trial will have a final pretrial just before the trial begins. These generally happen a couple of days before an attempt begins. The aim is to form determinations regarding what's likely to occur at trial, therefore the timing should be as on the brink of trial as possible. Judges are always pressed for time and searching forward to the never-ending line of upcoming cases. Thus, an attorney can quickly gain credibility and favour with a judge by actively trying to work with the opposing attorney to make a trial run quickly and efficiently. It does not mean that either side should put efficiency before their case, but simply that a trial will usually boil down to a few contested facts. 

If these problems were known early on, the judge might have a motion into rule on regarding the evidence. If it is no, then the pretrial conference presents a great opportunity for the judge to hear both sides and make a calm, reasoned decision rather than having to do so during the trial.

These facts, instead of outside distractions, should be the main target of the trial. When a pretrial conference is held too early, these issues may still be too out of focus to adequately prepare for it.


A pretrial is a chance for both attorneys and therefore the judge to be proactive with regard to the upcoming trial. The details of the trial are going to be figured out , including the method of choosing a jury, how long the trial is excepted to last, and any abnormal procedures or requests. Also, the attorneys have the opportunity to put potential issues before the judge. They may include evidentiary problems with exhibits or testimony defence counsel anticipates the district attorney will try to present.

A great advantage of addressing these issues at the pretrial is that the ability to bind the DA more easily to agreements. A district attorney is probably going to feel little pressure to comply with even the foremost reasonable requests when made during discovery. However, the judge has world power in controlling how an attempt proceeds. Thus, a neighborhood attorney that refuses reasonable requests or compromises concerning evidence are often forced to simply accept those terms during a pretrial . It was the case in State V.Coleman, where a judge refused to allow a witness to be called because an agreement had been reached not to call that witness at the pretrial conference.

The Kansas Supreme Court ruling that the judge had the facility to carry the parties there to agreement, albeit the DA wants to vary his mind at trial. Then the power also allows the court to supply appropriate punishments for unnecessary delay or bad-faith refusals concerning evidentiary disputes or discovery requests.

Plea Bargaining:

At any time before conviction by the jury, a defendant may enter a plea bargain with the state. A plea bargaining is an agreement to simply accept punishment for a criminal offense . It is generally done in exchange for a less crime or reduced punishment. A defendant can plead guiltily, admitting to the fees fully , or no contest (nolo contendere), reserving an admission of guilt but accepting the conviction and punishment nonetheless.

In the each type of plea has its attributes, such as how that conviction may be used against the defendant in a later suit. These differences and risks are best discussed within the context of every case's unique facts.

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