Justice is to be served with law

Posted by John Smith on July 29th, 2014

A crime is an act that you are not supposed to do and is against the law and punishable if proven guilty. Crimes like theft, rape, murder all are prohibited but they still happen in our society. Therefore, to stop these crimes the government made court where the convict is proven guilty or innocent with the help of proper evidence. There are different types of court like criminal court, civil court, etc. where a judge or jury hear the case and on the basis of the evidences presented by both the parties declares the decision in one’s favor. Either the government or a person or an organization files a case against the convict in the court. There are different types of court cases like criminal court cases, civil court cases, etc.

In criminal court cases the government files charges against you for committing a crime that is against the law. In criminal cases the District Attorney’s office represents the government or state. For criminal cases only the government can charge you for breaking the law not any other person or organization or private agency. If you are unable to afford a lawyer then the government will appoint a lawyer for you. You are presumed to be innocent until you are proven guilty in the criminal court.There are three types of criminal cases:

  1. Infractions – traffic violation.
  2. Misdemeanors – petty theft, drunk driving, driving with a suspended license.
  3. Felonies – robbery, murder, rape, illegal possession of drugs.

Well, things are quite different in civil court cases.Civil court cases involve a dispute between two or morepeople, agencies or organizations. The plaintiff files a complaint in the court which describes how the accused person or agency has caused injury and request’s the court to order relief. In order to win the plaintiff has to present preponderance of the evidence (more than 50%) in the court room against the other party so that the judge or jury are convinced. Usually most of the civil cases involve dispute due to money. On losing a civil case, the judge or jury orders to pay the other party money or to give back property, but unlike criminal case no one is sent to jail for losing the case. And if a party is unable to afford a lawyer then they themselves have to represent the case.

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John Smith

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John Smith
Joined: June 21st, 2014
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