You Never Thought That Knowing Bronchoscopes Could Be So Beneficial

Posted by Ajinkya on March 19th, 2021

Bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique to visualize the inside of the airway for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. Bronchoscopes are inserted into the airways through a tracheostomy, or through the nose or mouth. Moreover, they are used to diagnose parasites, lung bleeding, foreign bodies, inflammation, infection, and tumors. Bronchoscopes are of two types, such as rigid bronchoscopes and flexible bronchoscopes. Flexible bronchoscopes employ flexible optical cable which allows greater penetration and enables real-time video recording, while rigid bronchoscopes allows them to remove foreign bodies as they employ metal parts. However, the major types of bronchoscopes have their respective advantages, depending on the nature of the medical conditions.

Rigid bronchoscopes are typically hollow tubes containing the patient's airway through which he or she can be sufficiently ventilated while undergoing visual inspection. The distal end of the tube is rounded for easy insertion into the nasal passageways and to improve visualization of the lower respiratory tract. In contrast, flexible bronchoscopes are round and have the tube's entire length inside the body to provide superior vision of the draining ducts. Bronchoscopes are used to see into the lungs, the bronchi, bronchial tubes, and other structures of the respiratory system. They are used for the diagnosis and treatment of lung disorders and infections such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, emphysema, and allergies. Bronchoscopes are made up of a tube called a tube collar, a camera, light generator, a monitor, stethoscope or earpiece, and a mouthpiece to provide a comfortable fit.

Flexible bronchoscope can be used in a wide variety of procedures. Usually, the device is first inserted into the mouth of the individual to prevent airway blockage, then tilted forward slightly for better viewing of the trachea, and further tilted backward when performing the surgical procedure. The resulting elliptical movement of the tubing allows for better visualization of the bronchial tree and its branches. On the other hand, when performing a non-invasive lung volume fractionation procedure using a flexible bronchoscope, a small incision can be made into the diaphragm to access the trachea and the bronchial tree.

A wide variety of interventional instruments such as bronchoscopes, spirometers, pneumatic pumps, and endoscopes are used to treat patients with disorders of the lung, bronchial tubes, and the muscles, vessels, and tissues of the upper airway. Bronchoscopes are used in a variety of settings such as hospitals, nursing homes, physicians' offices, and rehabilitation centers. Some of these uses include interventional pulmonary surgery, which is the medical term for the procedure whereby a small camera inserts into the patient's throat to see into the lungs.

Bronchoscopes today have become extremely efficient in diagnosing various lung conditions. This is because this technology has given doctors a tool that can easily inspect both the internal and the external structures of the lungs. Furthermore, with the help of these tools, lung volumes can be measured, which is very important in the diagnosis of COPD. There are numerous benefits of bronchoscopes such as it prevents many infections and illnesses to be transmitted through the airwaves when there is blockage in the air passages. Patients who have undergone a bronchoscopy procedure have exhibited an improved ability to breathe due to its quick and reliable results.

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Joined: January 6th, 2021
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