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ZTE Corporation is a Chinese multinational telecommunications equipment and systems company headquartered in Shenzhen, China.

Posted by daviddon on September 8th, 2015

ZTE operates in three business units - Carrier Networks(54%)-Terminals(29%)-Telecommunication(17%). ZTE's core products are wireless, exchange, access, optical transmission, and data telecommunications gear; mobile phones; and telecommunications software.[3] It also offers products that provide value-added services,[4] such as video on demand and streaming media.[5] ZTE primarily sells products under its own name but it is also an OEM.[6]

ZTE is one of the top five largest smartphone manufacturers in its home market,[7] and in the top ten, worldwide.

Contents

1 History

2 Subsidiaries

2.1 PT. ZTE Indonesia

2.2 ZTE (Australia) Pty Ltd

2.3 ZTE Deutschland GmbH

2.4 ZTE USA Inc

2.5 ZTE (HK) Ltd

2.6 ZTE do Brasil Ltda.

2.7 ZTE Pakistan Pvt Ltd

3 Products

3.1 Consumer electronics

3.2 Network Operators Equipment, Network Nodes and Network Elements

4 Customers

5 Controversies

5.1 Bribes for contracts

5.2 Surveillance system sale

5.3 Handset security

6 References

7 External links

History[edit]

ZTE, initially founded as Zhongxing Semiconductor Co., Ltd in Shenzhen, China, in 1985, was incorporated by a group of investors associated with China's Ministry of Aerospace.[8] In March 1993, Zhongxing Semiconductor has changed its name to Zhongxing New Telecommunications Equipment Co., Ltd with capital of RMB 3 million, and created a new business model as a "state-owned and private-operating" economic entity. Ties to the state notwithstanding, the corporation has evolved into ZTE Corporation of being publicly traded having made an initial public offering (IPO) on the Shenzhen stock exchange in 1997 and another on the Hong Kong stock exchange in December, 2004.[8]

While the company initially profited from domestic sales,[9] it vowed to use money from its 2004 Hong Kong IPO to further expand R&D, overseas sales to developed nations, and overseas production.[10] Making headway in the international telecom market in 2006, it took 40% of new global orders for CDMA networks[11] topping the world CDMA equipment market by number of shipments.[12] That same year also saw ZTE find a customer in the Canadian Telus[13] and membership in the Wi-Fi Alliance.[14] More customers in developed nations soon followed Telus' lead, and in 2007 ZTE had sold to UK's Vodafone, Spain's Telefonica, and the Australian Telstra,[13] as well as garnering the greatest number of CDMA contracts globally.[15] By 2008 ZTE could claim its customer base was truly global, as it had made sales in 140 countries.[13]

In 2009, the company had become the worldwide third-largest vendor of GSM telecom equipment, and about 20% of all GSM gear sold throughout the world that year was ZTE branded.[16] As of 2011 it holds around 7% of the key 3GPP Long Term Evolution patents[17] and that same year launched the world's first smartphone with dual GPS/GLONASS navigation, MTS 945. ZTE claims to devote 10% of its annual revenue on research and development each year, and it could be producing patents and utility licenses at a furious pace.[18][19] ZTE has filed 48,000 patents globally, and with more than 13,000 patents granted. 90% more patents are invention-related. In two consecutive years (2011 and 2012), ZTE has been granted the largest number of patent applications globally,[20] which is the first for a Chinese company.[21]

Subsidiaries[edit]

The ZTE Tower in Shenzhen prisvärd android

ZTE has several international subsidiaries.

PT. ZTE Indonesia[edit]

PT ZTE Indonesia were representative of ZTE with has many customer with PT Telkom Indonesia tbk, PT Telekomunikasi Seluler tbk, PT Indosat tbk, PT Smartfren tbk, PT XL Axiata, and also supply hand held with ZTE Trademarks.

ZTE (Australia) Pty Ltd[edit]ZTE entered the Australian market in 2005,[22] and as of 2009 ZTE (Australia) Pty Ltd[23] acts as the exclusive supplier of ZTE handsets, network cards, and other products to customers, such as Telstra, in Australia.

ZTE Deutschland GmbH[edit]

ZTE Deutschland GmbH was founded in 2005 with headquarters in Düsseldorf; it, as of 2008, had hired 50 people, 60% of whom were recruited locally.[24]

ZTE USA Inc[edit]

A North American subsidiary of ZTE,[25] with headquarters in Richardson, Texas,[26] ZTE USA Inc offers wireless handset and networking solutions in the US. ZTE USA partners with NBA's Houston Rockets for the season of 2013-2014[25]

ZTE (HK) Ltd[edit]

ZTE (Hong Kong) Ltd. (China) serves in such areas as global contract manufacturing.

ZTE do Brasil Ltda.[edit]

ZTE do Brasil Ltda. was founded in 2002 with headquarters in São Paulo and offices in Rio de Janeiro and Brasília; providing mobile devices and network solutions for the Brazilian market.

ZTE Pakistan Pvt Ltd[edit]ZTE[27] was introduced in the Pakistani market in 1999 with its headquarters in Islamabad and major offices in Lahore and Karachi. Providing Telecom Equipment, Network Solutions and Managed Services to telecom operators in Pakistan i.e. PTCL, Telenor, Zong, SCO zte mobiltelefoner

Products[edit]

A ZTE Blade S6 Plus

ZTE operates in three business segments - Carrier Networks(~54%)-Terminals(~29%)-Telecommunication(~17%) Products can be roughly arranged into three categories: equipment used by network operators (links and nodes, etc.), equipment used to access networks (terminals), and services, which includes software.[28] On October 2010, ZTE's unified encryption module received U.S./Canada FIPS140-2 security certification,[29] which made ZTE the first vendor from P.R. China to successfully validate modules according to the NIST FIPS140-2 standard under the CMVP program.[30]

Consumer electronics[edit]

Mobile phones

As of 2012, ZTE is the 4th largest mobile phone vendor.[31] It also placed within IDC's Top 5 smartphone vendor leaderboard.[32][33] Strategy Analytics counts ZTE as 4th largest smartphone vendor (5% market share) in 2Q2013.[34] It also manufactures tablets.[35][36][37]

Mobile Hotspots zte blade vec

The MF60 and MF80 4G mobile hotspots were announced in August 2011.[38]

Windows Phone

At Mobile World Congress 2014 in Spain, Microsoft announced that ZTE is the latest hardwarepartner of Windows Phone platform.[39]

Network Operators Equipment, Network Nodes and Network Elements[edit]

ZTE is also a provider of Core Routing and Core Network equipment, also known as Network Elements such as:

GGSN (GSM / UMTS), PGW (LTE EPC), PDSN (CDMA)

ZTE ZXR10-Series Core Switches and Core Routers

MPLS routers[40]

Base stations, some of them developed with OBSAI - Open Base Station Architecture Initiative architecture, including China-specific Time-Division Long-Term Evolution aka TD-LTE radio protocol support and CDMA-based EV-DO equipment

Telephone switches zte sverige

legacy WAP and MMSC equipment

WiMax products, based on ZTE SDR platform, part of the Uni-RAN solution, Uni-Core core network equipment, and services to support the launch of the WiMAX 4G network over 3.5 GHz frequencies.

SDN / NFV products as seen through Open Daylight Project

Customers[edit]

ZTE booth at Mobile World Congress 2015 in Barcelona

A good number of ZTE's customers are outside of China. During the 2000s, the majority were developing country mobile network operators, but ZTE products see use in developed countries as well. The UK's Vodafone, Canadian Telus, Australia's Telstra, as well as France Telecom have all purchased equipment from ZTE.[41]

Many Chinese companies are also ZTE customers, including China Netcom,[42] China Mobile,[43] China Satcom,[44] China Telecom,[45] and China Unicom.[4]

In the United States, ZTE USA manufactures mobile phones and broadband devices for multiple wireless carriers including AT&T, Boost Mobile, Cricket Wireless, MetroPCS, Sprint, T-Mobile, TracFone, Verizon, and Virgin Mobile. It may also sell network equipment to these carriers.

Controversies[edit

Bribes for contracts[edit] zte blade smartphone

Norway

Norwegian telecommunications giant Telenor, one of the world’s largest mobile operators, banned ZTE from "participating in tenders and new business opportunities because of an alleged breach of its code of conduct in a procurement proceeding” during a five-month time span ending in March 2009.[46]

PhilippinesMain article: Philippine National Broadband Network controversy

Contract negotiations to build a broadband network for the Philippine government may haveincluded improper activities.[47] The projectFor more information visit here: http://www.zte.se/

Also See: Zte Usa, Network Operators, Zte Indonesia, Zte Deutschland, Zte, Network, Mobile

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