The Significance Of Binders and Their Chemistry in The Printing Of Textiles

Posted by Zara Hyatt on September 25th, 2021

Colouration is a value-added process that comprises dyeing and printing techniques for most textile materials. Dyeing is a colouring process for the entire substratum. Prints supplied by the textile printing binder supplier are partial colouration in fabrics to create an attractive pattern from the point of view of colouration. Dyeing or printing in an aqueous solution or using a print paste can be performed with dyes or pigmentation of the dye. Pigment printing, in terms of simplicity of application, is not only the oldest but also the easiest printing technology.


More than 80% of printed materials are based on pigment printing for its obvious advantages, including the versatility; easily almost finished printing at the printing stage itself, which can be applied for virtually any type of fibre, and the ability to avoid washing after attachment.


Role And Varieties Of Binders In Pigment Printing


Typically textile printing binder is added to the paste to print so that:


  • Pigment coat and enabling very thin dispersions to be printed,
  • Protection of mechanical abrasions of the pigment;
  • Resolve the dye to the fibres and
  • Do good drying properties to paste.


In general, tissue binders are divided into reactive and non-reactive two. Non-reactive binders contain no reactive binding groups. Because of the absence of reactive groups, during fixation or cure, they do not bind to each other. Adding the fixing agent is, therefore, necessary to create a stable binder on the substrates. Reactive binders frequently contain reactive groups of monomers like N-methyl acrylamide or similar chemicals from copolymerisation. These binders are able to cross-link themselves and create stable films when affixed.



Essential Qualities of Binders

Binder must have certain properties in pigment printing. Due to the shear strength operating during printing, the binders should not be coagulated. When coagulation occurs, the screen is obstructed and the printing roller cravings are blocked during real printing. The binder film should be transparent, even, smooth and not too firm. It should be elastic in nature, be well adhered to the substratum without being sticky. It should be resistant to chemical and mechanical stress and should be removed from the printing roller, screen, grey back and blankets.


One could be improved on certain attributes at the expense of others. Good binders must be colourless, smell-less chemicals, which can be easily disseminated into print pastes without damaging viscosity and quickly removed from printers such as screens and rollers. Binders should generate flexible films that encapsulate particulate matter and attach during laundry and cleaning to fabrics without swelling.


Textile attachments are important to build a matrix to trap the pigment particle and must stabilize external pressures, such as washing or rubbing, which tend to dispense the pigment from the textile substrate.



Binder Traits:


  • Inexpensive
  • Provide good colour yield
  • Non-toxic
  • Soft
  • Wash fast
  • Provide good crock fastness
  • Easily polymerized
  • Non-yellowing
  • Not affect lightfastness
  • Be stable in application



Binder Chemistry In Pigment Printing

The pigmentation binder is usually built on the styrene-butadiene copolymer, styrogen acrylate or acrylic vinyl acrylate. Three-sized binder films occurred in the heat air atmosphere as a result of pH changes in the printing process. The type and quantity of chemical polar fabric groups affect the bonds\\\\\\\\' fixation and adhesive strength.


Binders are the mechanism utilized when applying pigments to print textiles to hold the colours on the fabric. The choice of binders depends always on the final rapidity needs and cost demands of the procedure. The choice of a pigment binder colour is a complex but crucial stage in generating a formula that satisfies highly precise specifications. The location to identify which end fabric qualities are vital since different end uses may require another polymer to get the desired results.


Action Of Binder In Pigment Fixation

The distinction between colouring and pigmentation procedures is the curing process required by pigment coloured fabrics. Because pigments have no textile affinity. The pigmentation of the textiles uses binders to keep the colours on a textile that require a curing procedure. Conventional healing is a thermal procedure in which pigment coloured fabrics must be dried and then heated to turn a soft organic foundation into a hard polymer.


Final Words

Insoluble pigments in pigment printing have no fibre affinity and are attached to the material in a pattern required with binding agents. In pigment printing binders and fixers play a vital role in obtaining maximum speed. Flexible films that enclose pigment particles and stick to materials without swelling during washing and dry cleaning should be formed by the binders.

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Zara Hyatt

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Zara Hyatt
Joined: June 18th, 2020
Articles Posted: 51

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