Wiring Harnesses and Connectors for Electric Vehicles Market Overview

Posted by BIS RSRCH on February 28th, 2022

The wiring system is usually divided into high voltage electric wire harnesses and low voltage electric wire harnesses. The high voltage harness is used for the battery connections as they require additional expensive high-voltage lines for AC-DC charging, high-voltage batteries, and traction, as well as special wiring for the main battery and the battery management system. The low voltage harnesses are usually used in the sensory framework of the car and doors. These low voltage harnesses also make up the dashboard and infotainment system of the vehicle.

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There is a big difference between the wiring harnesses served in normal internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles and electric vehicles. The EVs require more amount of wiring as the number of PCBs and circuits greatly increases. The sensors are also more in number and thus, require more wiring. There is less need for high voltage cabling in traditional ICE vehicles that is almost unmatched by its need in EVs. The high voltage cabling is absolutely essential owing to the battery system of EVs.

There are a number of advancements being made in the field of wiring harnesses in vehicles, their framework, placement, and the type of material being used in the wires. With increasing sensor complexity, the wiring Is getting more central, with the battery as a powerhouse at the core of the vehicle. Significant changes to electronic systems will continue to fuel demand for innovative solutions as more automobiles become electric. Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are also becoming more crucial in the production and operation of electrically driven vehicles. PCBs are a critical component of autonomous car technology. When using a vehicle\'s autonomous capabilities, several external sensors are required to assure safety, which increases the amount of cabling and pressure on the harness setup.

Traditionally the wiring harness involves copper wires in ICE vehicles, which are heavy, and since the weight has everything to do with the performance and range of an EV, the wiring harness in an electric vehicle uses a combination of copper and aluminum wires to deliver maximum performance while adding as less weight to the overall vehicle as possible. The harness also needs to adhere to some safety and resilience standards, such as it must withstand various shocks and ultraviolet radiation. The charging harness must meet the moving harness\'s anti-rolling criteria. The car\'s high-voltage harness should be able to tolerate a variety of liquids that may come into contact with it. The car\'s high-voltage harness is normally a single core for the convenience of installation, while the charging harness is typically a multi-core integrated wiring harness, including high-voltage main and ground lines, low-voltage signal lines, and even communication double-effect lines (CAN).

Electrification in the transportation sector is developing with increasing emission issues. Electric vehicles are a key solution toward climate change as transportation fuels like Petrol, Diesel, and Coke are responsible for carbon emission. Conventional vehicles are being used for decades and have limited resources of fuels against them. Oil prices are increasing day by day. Major vehicle manufacturers are introducing ranges of EVs to meet demand and make affordable vehicles to replace combustion engine vehicles. Electric vehicles can significantly reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Consumers\' preference toward EVs because of affordability, less fuel cost, and environmental responsibility is increasing the demand for EVs.

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Some of the strategies covered in this segment are product development and market development. The preferred strategy for the companies has been market development to strengthen their position in the wiring harnesses and connectors for electric vehicles market. A majority of the companies preferred market development as a strategy to further increase their sales. Expanding and establishing new manufacturing facilities for wiring harnesses has been a leading strategy adopted by the companies, as it not only increases their revenue but also enhances their reach for potential customers.

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