What is the Process of Electro-technical Instrument Calibration?

Posted by Charles Wilson on July 28th, 2022

Calibration is the procedure of comparing measurement values distributed by a device under test with those of a standard of known accurateness. Mainly, calibration also contains the procedure of adjusting the output distributed by the measurement device to align with the value of the applied standard of known accuracy. The measurement instrument should be reconfigured when measurements turn from the set value of the known standard. Most regularly, the accuracy of the known standard should be greater than that the measuring device being calibrated.

By procedure, calibration also contains repair of the device if it is out of calibration. For external calibration services, a report is usually provided by the calibration service, which would show any mistakes in measurements with the measuring device before and after the calibration. Depending on application, calibration verification could be a choice to verify instruments by comparing measurements using calibrated equipment to measurements of equipment that has had their calibration expire. Expired Calibrated Instruments that do not generate the same measurements as the Calibrated Instruments would essential to be sent to a calibration service expert for repair.

The Process of Instrument Calibration:

When it comes to calibrate electro-technical, the exact steps depend on the type of equipment. However, the procedure does contain basic activities such as choosing a standard, testing, calibrating and reporting.

Choosing a Standard: The first step is choosing a standard. Many standards exist, from those used by a specific calibration shop to international standards. Though a calibrator does not want to use international standards for testing equipment, they need to have measurements that trace back up to national or international standards.

Testing: During the testing stage, the engineer tests the electro-technical, need calibrated against a test sample of a known amount. Depending on the equipment and how use the electro-technical, engineers may use one of many testing options. Specific instrument testing and calibrating involve examining and adjusting each electro-technical separate from the system it works in. Combination of instruments and testing and calibrating them as a group is called loop calibrating. When inspecting all devices in an interconnected chain, if the results show output that measures out of tolerance, test separate tools. However, if the whole loop remains within tolerance, the individual devices should be, too.

Testing may also be bench or field. These types distinguish the location of the test. Bench testing happens in the highly controlled environment of a shop and is perfect for calibrating new equipment before install it in facility. Since not established the device in facility, not risk changing its accurateness through disconnecting it and sending it to the shop. If already have a piece of equipment in operation, field testing or on-site calibration may be a good option. This type of testing and calibrating occurs with the electro-technical equipment in its location. Choosing field calibration may require to request on-site testing, but the results will be more precise based on the device’s configuration and current situation. Do not put the equipment at risk of impacts from eliminating and delivery it to a calibrator.

Calibrating the Electro-technical: Part of the testing process includes calibrating the device if the tests do not return correct results. Engineers readily correct span and zero errors through calibration. A zero error means the equipment does not measure properly at its low end of measurements, or near zero.

While the zero adjustment moves the entire line to its accurate position, the span error adjustment changes the line’s slope to match the correct readings. This difference means that higher values measured with a span error will be farther away from the correct values than smaller amounts. Because such differences affect readings across the span of the device’s use, calibrators must test some values from the low to the high end of the calibration range. Do not confuse the calibration range, or the amounts tested, with the instrument range, which is the lowest and highest amounts the equipment can measure. Once the engineer properly calibrates the equipment, they will create a report based on the standards used for calibration.

Reporting the Results: When it comes to the results, get either a hard copy or a digital version of the report. The information on this readout will be helpful if any problems occur in the future with equipment or if a problem requires to prove that correctly calibrated electro-technical.

An calibration engineer that involved in doing instrument calibration process or report preparation must have a fundamental understanding of the conditions necessary to execute internal electro-technical instrument calibration and maintenance. The fundamentals of electro-technical instrument calibration can be achieved by electro-technical calibration training, which may include process of calibration of the instruments like the clamp metre, energy metre, temperature controller, and multimeter.

Like it? Share it!

Charles Wilson

About the Author

Charles Wilson
Joined: September 3rd, 2019
Articles Posted: 104

More by this author