50 intersting fact about the USSR
Posted by Vadi Petro on August 2nd, 2022
The EUSSR occupied about one-sixth of the land, while modern Russia occupies about one-seventh. And in terms of population, the Soviet Union was also twice as large as the Russian Federation; by the time of the collapse, 294 million people lived in it. Right-hand drive cars in the USSR were produced exclusively for export, but some of them settled directly in the Union. Such cars were sometimes given out to rural postmen, for whom the right-hand drive was very convenient - it was possible to go around the streets and reach the mailboxes without leaving the car. Everyone knows that the number of stars on the American flag, of which there are 50, means the number of states that make up the United States. But not everyone knows that the number of inscriptions “Proletarians of all countries, unite!” on the Soviet coat of arms was also always equal to the number of union republics. The Soviet Union occupied the second place in the world in terms of industrial production, second only to the United States - 16.5% of the total world volume. But times have changed, and for a long time China has taken the first place. In the USSR, gold coins were in use, and not just paper money . Soviet gold chervonets began to be minted in 1923 to underpin the simultaneous issuance of paper money. However, when the rate of paper money stabilized, the minting of gold coins ceased. Soviet monument In all cities of Russia, you can still see the monuments to Lenin, erected back in the era of the USSR, but in some former Soviet republics they were dismantled The area of the Soviet Union reached 22.4 million km². The area of modern Russia is 17.1 million km². Using a simple calculation, it can be established that Russia accounts for about 76% of the area once occupied by the USSR. For most of its history, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 republics - the RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian, Moldavian, Armenian, Georgian, Azerbaijan, Kazakh, Uzbek, Kirghiz, Turkmen, Tajik, Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian. However, there were times when the number of republics was less or more, it ranged from 4 to 16. At the time of 1988, in terms of purchasing power, which largely determines the standard of living of the population, the Soviet Union was in the top 10 countries of the world , only slightly behind Italy. Many capitals of the former Soviet republics have subways. In Baku , for example, in Kiev, Tbilisi, Minsk, Tashkent and Yerevan. However, in all these cities, the metro appeared precisely in the Soviet era, and since then it has either not expanded or expanded only slightly. In the field of astronautics, the USSR was for a long time the most advanced state in the world, although during the Cold War the United States eventually seized the initiative from it. However, it was in the Soviet Union that the first launch of an artificial satellite (Sputnik-1, 1957), the first launch of a man into space (flight of Yuri Gagarin, 1961) and the first spacewalk in a spacesuit into outer space (Alexey Leonov, 1965) took place. year). ADVERTISING Facts about Namibia 35 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT NAMIBIA Facts about Cuba 40 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT CUBA In Soviet times, the control of the authorities over human life was very strong, and people objectionable to the government could be repressed, although the situation began to soften in the second half of the 20th century. But even some truly famous people, such as Academician Sakharov , the creator of the world's first hydrogen bomb, could not escape persecution by the authorities . The Soviet Union and the United States were the main rivals on the world stage for decades. They never clashed directly, preferring to rake in the heat with the wrong hands. For example, during the Vietnam War, and during the Korean War, and in many other military conflicts, both of these countries supplied “their” side with military equipment, instructors, resources, and sometimes even experienced soldiers, although, of course, everything was officially denied. Countries are always spying on each other and copying each other's good ideas. In the USSR, for example, a fair amount of weapons, cars, household appliances, etc. was copied from foreign samples. German BMWs and DKWs formed the basis of Soviet motorcycles, many cars were copied from European Fiats and Trabants, the F-1 grenade was an improved and modernized copy of the French F-1, and there are many dozens of such examples. The Soviet Union existed for almost 69 years, and during this time three constitutions were changed in the country. They were adopted in 1924, 1936 and 1977, and differed markedly from each other. At the time of the official creation of the USSR in 1924, the Soviet flag was mentioned in the constitution, but in fact, then there was not even a draft of this flag, so there was no clear description of it either. The Soviet flag was approved three months after the approval of the constitution. USSR leaders Leaders of the USSR: Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Gorbachev The sheer size of the Soviet Union staggered the imagination of the inhabitants of other countries. How is it - a country the size of a whole continent ?! Indeed, in terms of area, the USSR was three times larger than Australia, 50% larger than Antarctica , and was approximately equal to all of North America . The Soviet Union had the longest border in the world, which reached 60 thousand kilometers. For comparison, this is one and a half times the length of the entire earth's equator. At the same time, it bordered on only 14 states, while Russia borders on 16, plus two unrecognized ones. Soviet athletes took part in 18 Olympiads, winning 1204 medals, still ranking second in the world after the United States in terms of the number of Olympic medals. Russia is now in 9th place. During the construction of cities in the USSR, entire high-rise buildings were sometimes completely moved, without even evicting the tenants from them. For example, for the construction of the Bolshoi Kamenny Bridge, dozens of special rails were laid, along which house number 5/6 along Serafimovich Street was moved to the side. In the Soviet Union, there was a tax on childlessness, which was officially called the tax on bachelors, singles and small families. The rate was up to 6% of the salary, and this tax existed until the very collapse of the USSR. РЕКЛАМА business.yandex.ru Запустите рекламу по всему интернету Узнать больше РЕКЛАМА e100online.ru Интересуют Топливные Карты для ЮЛ и ИП? Попробуй Е100! Узнать больше РЕКЛАМА riverpark-kutuzovskiy.ru River Park Towers Кутузовский Узнать больше РЕКЛАМА auto.ru Suzuki Jimny 2019. 2 650 000 ₽ Внедорожник. 2019. 1.5 MT (102 л.с.). Узнать подробнее! Узнать больше Soviet soda In the USSR, soda machines always had glass cups. Everyone drank from the same glass, rinsing it with a jet of water, and returning it to its place after use. During the Soviet era, cities were often renamed after famous people, but this practice did not extend to the capitals of the Union republics. The exception was the capital of Kyrgyzstan , the city of Bishkek , which was called “Frunze” in the USSR. Moreover, when renaming the city, no one thought that there is no “f” sound in the Kyrgyz language, so the locals called the city “Prunze”. The highest point in the Soviet Union was Ismail Somoni peak at 7495 meters, which is the 50th highest mountain in the world. However, in the Soviet years it was called Stalin's peak, and then - the peak of Communism. Now it is the highest mountain in Tajikistan , and the highest mountain in Russia (and all of Europe as a whole) is Elbrus , rising to 5642 meters. It was the Soviet T-34 tank that was the most massive in the world, and it remains so to this day. By the way, at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, there were often not enough tanks, so sometimes tractors were sheathed with armor and equipped with light weapons. The crews called them "NI-1", that is, "To the fright." And indeed, from a distance, these ersatz tanks, capable of little in real combat, could be mistaken for real fighting vehicles, and sometimes this was enough to put enemy soldiers to flight. The Great Patriotic War was part of the Second World War, even more ambitious, covering almost the entire globe. Of all the countries participating in the Second World War, it was the USSR that suffered the greatest losses, both in human and in resources. In the Soviet Union, the labor of prisoners was actively exploited. It was their hands that many northern cities were built and thousands of kilometers of railways were laid. Working conditions in the camps were inhumane and the death rate was high. Facts about Taiwan 35 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT TAIWAN Facts about Tajikistan 50 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT TAJIKISTAN For all the years of its existence, the USSR participated in three wars - the Soviet-Finnish, the Great Patriotic War and the Soviet-Japanese. In all three, the Soviet troops won, so officially the Soviet Union never lost a single war. Representatives of approximately 180 peoples live in Russia, which makes our country one of the most multinational in the world. In the USSR, however, the number of peoples was about the same, because in modern Russia, representatives of the peoples of the former republics that broke away from the Union during its collapse still live in noticeable numbers. The only all-Union referendum in Soviet history was held in March 1991, and the issue of preserving the USSR as a single state was on the agenda. More than 77% of the participants spoke in favor of preserving the country, but it still fell apart. One of the Soviet cities changed three names in five years. At first it was called Batalpashinsk, then it was renamed Sulimov, in honor of a high-ranking statesman, but after his arrest and execution, the city became Yezhovo-Cherkess. Two years later, the statesman Yezhov was repressed, and the city became simply Circassian. In 1963, a fire broke out at the Soviet Urta-Bulak gas field, and the 120-meter torch of the roaring flame could not be extinguished by any means for three years. As a result, it was possible to cope with it only with the help of a controlled nuclear explosion of small power. roistat.com ADVERTISING Pripyat The ghost town of Pripyat is a reminder to the whole world of the Chernobyl disaster that happened in the Soviet Union It was in the USSR that the largest man-made disaster in the history of mankind occurred. This refers to the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which happened in 1986. Its effects are still being felt today. In 1961, the Soviet Union tested the AN-602 bomb, also known as the Tsar bomb. This is the most powerful explosive device in the history of mankind, the explosion power was 58.6 megatons (58.6 million tons) of TNT. The practical use of the Tsar bomb was never planned, it was developed to demonstrate the technical superiority of the USSR and to put psychological pressure on the Americans. The USSR was one of the fifty countries that founded the UN, the United Nations. Interestingly, in addition to the Soviet Union, these founding states included separately the Ukrainian SSR and the Byelorussian USSR, since the Soviet constitution allowed the union republics to independently participate in international organizations. When the NATO military bloc was just being created, the USSR became interested in joining it. However, other countries refused him, and as a result, another military alliance, the Warsaw Pact, was created. It collapsed at the end of the Cold War, when the so-called velvet revolutions swept across Europe , and the idea of socialism implanted by the Soviet Union actually collapsed. In 1973, the Soviet "Lunokhod-2" successfully landed on the moon , after which it worked on its surface for 5 months. His return to earth was never planned, which did not stop him from being sold in 1993 at auction. It was bought for 68.5 thousand dollars by American Richard Garriott, the son of astronaut Owen Garriott and a space tourist who visited the ISS in 2008. Garriott is known to many as one of the lead developers of Lineage II, Ultima and Tabula Rasa. Allies of the USSR NATO countries and Warsaw Pact countries, allies of the USA and the USSR, respectively In 1921, at the dawn of the creation of the Soviet Union, a terrible famine broke out in the Volga region, from which the expression “starving Volga region” came from. In this difficult situation, many countries provided humanitarian assistance, but the most significant contribution was made by the United States, which, at its peak in 1922, provided food for more than 10 million Soviet citizens. During World War II, several German agents were exposed because of a small detail. The spies were very carefully trained and had immaculately forged Soviet passports. However, the passport clips were made of stainless steel, and upon inspection, it was immediately noticeable that there was no rust characteristic of Soviet documents in the places where the pages were fastened. For the same reason, more than one American spy was caught during the Cold War. In the Baltic countries, the period of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia being part of the USSR is considered the period of Soviet occupation. The display of Soviet symbols is prohibited there, along with the display of symbols of Nazi Germany. During the Great Patriotic War, suicide dogs were trained in the USSR, who were taught that food could be found under a model tank. It was assumed that a hungry dog released on the battlefield with a mine tied to it would run right up to an enemy tank and undermine it, but the effectiveness of this brutal weapon remains unknown. One of the most popular awards in the Soviet Union was the Order of Lenin, named after the leader of the world proletariat. During the entire existence of this state, it was awarded more than 400 thousand times. РЕКЛАМА business.yandex.ru Запустите рекламу по всему интернету Узнать больше РЕКЛАМА ivs-group.su Высококлассная SEO команда прокачает любой проект! Узнать больше РЕКЛАМА e100online.ru Интересуют Топливные Карты для ЮЛ и ИП? Попробуй Е100! Узнать больше РЕКЛАМА pro.zamm.ru Крутые столы на металлокаркасе и мебель для офиса Узнать больше Facts about Yoshkar-Ola 25 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT YOSHKAR-OLA Facts about Naryan-Mar 15 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT NARYAN-MAR The first Soviet computer was created in 1953 and was named Strela. In total, 8 copies of the Arrow were produced. It was a tube computer, consisting of 6,200 vacuum tubes and 60,000 semiconductor diodes, and it covered an area of 300 m². Many believe that there was no television in our country before the Soviet era. This is not so, television appeared even before the revolution, and in 1911 Professor Boris Rosing, a citizen of the Russian Empire, made the first television broadcast in the history of mankind. During the Second World War, the USSR, the USA and many other countries were allies. However, both the Soviet, and the American, and the British government had plans to continue the war against each other when Germany was defeated. Fortunately, they were never implemented. Gulag was one of the main Soviet horror stories. GULAG stands for “Main Directorate of Camps”, it was a whole system of correctional labor institutions through which millions of people passed. At certain stages of Soviet history, the work of Gulag prisoners provided the country with 100% of gold production, 33% of nickel production and 70% of tin production. All computers in the world operate on binary logic, that is, on a binary code. The Soviet computer "Setun" became the only experimental computer in history that worked on a ternary code instead of a binary one. Soviet shuttle "Buran" Buran, developed in the Soviet Union as a response to the American Shuttles The only head of the USSR born in this country is Mikhail Gorbachev. Without exception, all his predecessors in this post were born before the formation of the Soviet Union. Tests of nuclear weapons have long been banned, but before this ban came into force, more than 2,000 nuclear charges were detonated on our planet. Of these, 1032 bombs blew up the USA and 715 - the USSR. Soviet chess player Viktor Korchnoi was a four-time champion of the Soviet Union, and also one of the strongest chess players in history. In 1976, right during a match in the Netherlands, he refused to return to the country, after the game he went straight to the police and asked for political asylum. The famous Belka and Strelka were not the first astronaut dogs. The first was the dog Laika, sent into space without return in 1957 and died in orbit. The Soviet authorities for a long time hid the fact that they were not going to return her, they reported false information about her state of health, and a week after the start they said that the dog was euthanized, although she died from overheating a day after the start of the flight. The planet Venus still remains the most impregnable in the solar system , and for a long time no one was able to land a descent vehicle on its surface. The USSR made more such attempts than any other country, and in 1970 succeeded when the Venera-7 unmanned vehicle made the first-ever soft landing on the surface of this planet, and then transmitted the data it collected to Earth.
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About the AuthorVadi Petro
Joined: August 2nd, 2022
Articles Posted: 1