Everything You Need To Know About Albuminuria
Posted by kajal Aggarwal on August 6th, 2022
Albuminuria is a sign your kidney function is not accurate, and you have too much protein in your urine. During the albuminuria, the kidneys may allow the excretion of large molecules of protein through their filters. That being the case, the urine has a foamy appearance as you urinate.
Albuminuria is made from albumin and urine. Albumin is a type of protein in the blood which helps to regulate fluid balance in the cells. In case you are omitting too much albumin, the body’s fluid balance disturbs, and you suffer due to protein loss.
In case you do not have albuminuria or proteinuria, it means the kidneys are working healthy, and the filters are all right. The less albumin in the urine, the better.
Why is urine albumin measurement important?
The measurement of urine albumin is an important tool to diagnose:
• An underlying kidney disease
• Keeping a check on the progression of CKD
• Your health as a result of an annual checkup, in case you have diabetes
A urine albumin level that stays the same or becomes higher may mean that your kidney disease is progressing. But, reduced levels of albuminuria also tell that ayurvedic treatment for albuminuria is working. Treatment that lowers the excretion of urine protein may lower the chance of chronic kidney failure in the future.
How is Albuminuria detected?
A healthcare provider will test for albuminuria using a dipstick test along with urine albumin and creatinine measurement. You will be asked to collect a urine and blood sample to monitor chronic kidney disease conditions. The tests are sent to the lab for further analysis by the lab technician.
Dipstick test for albumin: A dipstick test is performed with the help of a urine sample to detect the presence of albumin in the urine. For the test, a dipstick is placed into the urine. The dipstick strip is chemically coated and changes color when there is albumin present in the urine.
Albumin and creatinine measurement: A healthcare provider uses the test reports to determine the ratio called UACR. The urine albumin to creatinine ratio determines the albumin in response to the creatinine in the urine. Creatinine is a waste compound that is eliminated by the kidneys during the blood filtration process. Healthcare providers consider UACR more than 30 mg/g to be a sign of chronic kidney disease.
Healthy albumin to creatinine ratio can be different in men and women.
Men: <=2.5 mg/mmol
Women: <=3.5 mg/mmol
What are the symptoms of albuminuria?
The signs of proteinuria only become apparent when kidney disease has progressed to an advanced stage. If this happens, the symptoms that may relate to the late stage of albuminuria include:
• Persistent high blood pressure
• Sudden weight gain
• Swelling or edema in the body, especially in the lower body parts, legs, feet, and ankles
• Puffy eyes
• Foamy urine that looks like a scrambled egg
• Smelly urine
Advanced stage of CKD may show the following signs:
• Chest pain
• Muscle cramps
• Shortness of breath
• Changes in urination
• Blood in the urine
• Pain when urinating
• Growth disorder due to protein loss
• Bone and mineral disorder
When you notice any changes in your urination, immediately make an appointment with the nephrologist. Primarily, albuminuria is a sign your kidney function is not accurate, and perhaps you need albuminuria treatment in Ayurveda.
What are the causes of albuminuria?
Albuminuria is caused by conditions that damage the kidneys and their filters over a period of time. Diabetes can cause albuminuria over a period of years. The instances of the existence of diabetes and albuminuria are quite high in pregnant women. High blood pressure is yet another cause of albuminuria or proteinuria. Preeclampsia is a condition that affects high blood pressure and also causes the protein to leak in the urine.
What are the types of proteinuria?
There are three types of proteinuria an individual can witness:
Orthostatic proteinuria: Caused when excreting in an upright or lordotic position.
Transient (temporary) proteinuria: It is the temporary excretion of protein characterized by strenuous exercise, a high fever, exposure to cold, etc. Pregnant women may also excrete more protein in their urine, which is for a time only. It does not indicate any kidney disease.
Persistent proteinuria: Caused due to underlying kidney disease or high blood pressure, or diabetes mellitus.
The best treatment to avert the risk of kidney disease along with proteinuria is an ayurvedic treatment for albuminuria. Ayurvedic treatment focuses on rejuvenating the damaged filters, so the glomeruli and tubules can absorb that protein without having them excreted out. This line of treatment is completely natural and works on the root cause of the problem. Also, the risk of kidney failure is eliminated once you opt for Ayurveda.
Get yourself ayurvedic treatment by Karma Ayurveda Hospital.