Mirza Fatali Akhundov History

Posted by ABHISHEK KUMAR DHURIA on December 2nd, 2022

Among the great literary figures of Azerbaijan is Mirza Fatali Akhundov, a writer, satirist and philosopher. Born in 1812 in the village of Nukha in the Azerbaijan Province, Akhundov was a son of a merchant and forester. He grew up under the tutelage of his maternal uncle. 

During this time, Mirza studied calligraphy from renowned Azerbaijani poet Mirza Shafi Vazeh, and later studied theology and logic at the Theological Seminary of Tiflis. He was also exposed to the Russian and Persian literature of his time. Akhundov was a well-read writer, who wrote plays and articles with philosophical and ethical content. He was also a pioneer of modern literary criticism. Akhundov was the founder of the Fatali Akhundov movement, and one of the most influential Azerbaijani writers. He is also known as a "ultra-nationalist" and writer of the Persian-Russian and Arabic-Azerbaijani languages. Learn about the history of Akhundov simply by following the link at xəbər and learn about the best poets of all time. 

Akhundov's works are now translated into numerous languages. His best known works include the comedy The Oriental Poem, which satirizes the Ottoman Empire, and The Tale of Dervish Mastali Shah. His other works include The Tale of Mollah Ibrahimkhalil the Alchemist, and The Tale of Monsieur Jordan the Botanist. Akhundov also wrote a novella, The Sayings of Dr Sismond. His first book of prose was published in 1857. He was also an active member of the Ottoman society of science and a member of the society of Russian culture. Akhundov was one of the first people to write a play in Azerbaijani. Akhundov was a satirist, and he used humor as a means of correcting society. His satires were highly popular, and his work was translated into many languages. 

He wrote the first major Persian poem in 1837, and he published a series of comedies, which became popular in the Azerbaijani literature. Akhundov also wrote a series of books on literary criticism. He satirized the Ottoman Empire in his 'The Oriental Poem', which was translated into Russian in 1837. 

The poem was a response to the death of the celebrated Russian poet Alexander Pushkin. Akhundov criticized the foundations of the Muslim faith and atheism. He criticized the practices of Shi'a clergy, too. His work was widely appreciated by the Ottoman society of science. He also wrote a novella, The Sayings Of Dr Sismond, and wrote a response to the philosopher Hume. Find out more about the achievements of Akhundov by going through M.F.Axundov haqqında yeni kitab nəşr edilib and learn about the greatest poet in the history. 

Akhund Haji Alasgar, Akhund's uncle, was an educated man. He had a well-developed sense of satire and humor, and he enrolled his nephew at the madrassa attached to the Shah Abbas Mosque. He also supported his nephew's decision to drop out of school. In 1834, Akhundov moved to Tiflis. He met with Azerbaijani poet Mirza Shafi, and together they developed a friendship. 

Akhundov was a keen reader, and he studied the works of classical authors, as well as European writers. In Tiflis, he met with Russia's Vladimir Lermontov. In 1845, the Russian theater began to appear in Tbilisi. Akhund Haji Alasgar was protected by the Sheki khans. Akhund subsequently used his contacts to get his nephew a job in Tbilisi.

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