What are the Effects of Electric Shock on the Human Body?

Posted by Charles Wilson on December 26th, 2022

Electricity is everywhere, all the time, and comes with the prospect and reality of electric shock. Electrical burns are some of the utmost complex and deadliest burn damages. These burns are hardly only surface-level injuries. Due to the body’s capability to conduct electricity, the body itself acts as a conduit for the current to move through, causation the current to travel and injure muscles, deep tissues, nerves, blood vessels and organs. Electrical burns are deadly, and survivors often face the possibility or reality of elimination.

What causes electric shock?

Electricity is described as the flow of electrical power. When receive a “shock,” come into interaction with an electrical current. While grave injuries are highly unlikely to happen from the usual static shock, other possible causes of electrical shock are much more dangerous and numerous in everyday lives. The most mutual ones contain Electrical wall outlets, Faulty appliances, Powerlines, Lightning, Frayed or damaged cords.

Effects of Electrical Shock on Human Body

Electrical damages are some of the most complex cases. Electrical safety awareness training will help to gain knowledge of common electrical hazards found at workplaces, which can cause damages to and even death of workers entrusted with electrical works as well as electrical accidents leading to widespread damage to lives and properties in industrial setting. Following are some basics to extreme effects on human body due to Electric shock while working in any organization and not taken care of Electrical safety.

Burns: Electrical injuries often contain burns. If it is a high-voltage electrical injury, the shock will reason burns anywhere from minor burns to severe burns on the body. Depending on the machinery, however, electrical shocks can also cause a person’s clothes to catch fire, suffering thermal burns that way as well. The burns may appear:

  •          First-degree: red or pink skin with no blistering.
  •          Second-degree: red and moist in arrival with blistering
  •          Third-degree: dry, tight and leathery, brown/tan/waxy or pearly white in appearance.
  •          Fourth-degree: black and charred in arrival with probable muscle or bone involvement.

Traumatic injuries: Traumatic injuries can occur depending on where and how the electrical damage occurs. A traumatic damage such as a spinal or cranial injury might happen due to an electrical shock if the shock is powerful enough to throw a person physically or if the shock occurs at a great height. Spinal injuries may also happen after sudden extension from tetany, which can cause vertebral fractures. If this is the case, traumatic injuries will take precedence over burns, and the person will be taken to a trauma unit before being transferred to a burn unit.

Compartment syndrome: Compartment syndrome happens after a severe burn when the precious areas begin to swell. The swelling can cut off the blood supply and reason even more damage. Emergency medical involvement is essential to restore the blood supply and save healthy tissue when this happens.

Amputation: In simple electrical shock where the person has suffered fourth-degree burns, amputation may be essential. Fourth-degree burns affect the skin, tissues, vessels and muscles and bone. Naturally, electrical shock amputations contain the areas with exit or entry wounds.

Internal damage: Most of the injury from electrical shock cannot be seen on the outside. As the present travels through the body, internal organs and tissues can be damaged. Some internal damage that can be caused by electrical shock contain:

  •          Vascular compromise: The blood vessels, arteries and veins are extremely conductive to electricity. Electric shock may harm the blood vessels, arteries and veins by causation them to burst, cutting off the blood supply, causing painful varicose veins and more.
  •          Lethal dysrhythmias: The heart is a strength that pumps using electrical pulses. Electric shock can disrupt these pulses, throwing the heart out of beat and possibly causing cardiac arrest.
  • Organ failure: It can cause organ failure. This may contain the heart (cardiac arrest), the kidneys (renal failure) and more.

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Charles Wilson

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Charles Wilson
Joined: September 3rd, 2019
Articles Posted: 104

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