Weight Loss Surgery: Top Three Bariatric Weight Loss Surgeries
Posted by eliasmarc on December 27th, 2022
During the last two decades, as many people struggled with an ongoing battle with obesity, great strides in the medical field have developed many surgical solutions to the problem. There are several kinds of these metabolic and bariatric weight loss surgeries. They range from very drastic and invasive procedures (like gastric bypass surgery) to very non-invasive and reversible procedures (like lap band surgery). But all of them have something in common. They work in one of the following ways:
* Reduce the amount of food your stomach can hold so you eat less and lose weight or visit medical weight loss clinic near you.
* Prevent your digestive system from absorbing some of the calories and nutrients found in your food.
Use both of the above methods.
The gastric "ssleeve" and lap band shrink your stomach's size. These are restrictive surgeries. Other operations, such as the duodenal switch, bypass part of the intestine, so you absorb less food. Doctors call these malabsorption surgeries.
Weight Loss Surgery Types
As mentioned before, there are different types of procedures to choose from. Deciding on which procedure to choose will depend on your particular weight loss goals, physical condition, and post-surgery aftercare preferences.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
During this procedure, your surgeon will use surgical staples to produce a small pouch to serve as your new stomach. This pouch will hold approximately 1 cup of food.The rest of your stomach will still be there, but the food will not go there. Next, your surgeon will cut your small intestine beyond the stomach. They will also attach one end of it to the small stomach pouch and the other end lower down on the small intestine, making a "Y" shape. That is the bypass part of the procedure. The rest of your stomach is still there. It delivers chemicals from the pancreas to help digest food that comes from the small poke. Doctors use the laparoscopic method for most gastric bypasses. But gastric bypass has the highest chance of complications of the three procedures. This procedure isn't readily reversible once the surgery is performed.
Supplements for Low Nutrient Levels
After Roux-en-Y gastric bypass weight loss surgery, numerous people do not absorb vitamins A, D, E, K, B-12, iron, copper, calcium, and other nutrients as well as they used to. Supplements can help you get what your body needs and help with conditions like anaemia and osteoporosis. You will need to take them for the rest of your life.
Gastric bypass surgery may also cause food and drinks to pass too quickly through your small intestine. Symptoms include nausea, weakness, sweating, faintness, and, sometimes, diarrhoea after you eat. You may also not be able to eat sweets without feeling veritably weak. To avoid these problems, follow your nutritionist's advice.
The mortality rate is 0.5-2.Total complications: 23 Major complications2.1
In this operation, your surgeon will take out most of your stomach (five) and create a tube-shaped stomach, or a gastric sleeve, that's still attached to your small intestine. After the surgery, your stomach will only be able to hold about 2 to 3 ounces. You will feel fuller sooner because your stomach is smaller. You also will not be as hungry because most of the tissue that makes the "hunger hormone," called ghrelin, will be gone. This isn't a reversible procedure.
* Mortality rate: 0.39
* Total complications: 22
* Major complications: 1.9
Adjustable Gastric Banding (AAGB or Lap-Band)
Your surgeon will wrap an inflatable ring around the top of your stomach to produce a small pouch with a narrow opening into the rest of the organ. Also, they fit a port under your skin on the left side below your ribs. This will allow access to a saline fill that's added to the band to adjust the opening. This can be done numerous times as demanded during the weight loss to further the goals.
When the lap band is properly adjusted, it reduces hunger and gives you an early sensation of fullness. When you eat, food pushes against the wall of the stomach and sends signals to the brain to curb your appetite. Although the lap band is designed to stay in place permanently after the requested weight has been achieved, of the three procedures mentioned, this is the only one that can be completely reversed after the procedure has been performed. You can get the bandage re-adjusted or removed at any time and go back to a normal pre-surgery state if a patient's situation changes or he or she desires to do so.
It also produces the fewest complications of the other two procedures.
* The mortality rate is 0.05.
* Total number of complications: 9
* Significant complications: 0.2
After the procedure
No matter what type of operation you have, your surgeon will close any incisions with surgical stitches, tape, or staples. You will stay in the hospital for a short time to make sure you are OK. You will be given specific pain medications if demanded, and your doctor will cover you for most problems, like low blood sugar, dehydration, or blood clots.
Make weight management a lifetime thing.
Surgery is just the first step on the road to success and sustained weight loss, no matter which procedure you choose. The surgery itself, however, doesn't magically shed those extra pounds. The key to keeping your weight under control is incorporating habits of sound nutrition, regular exercise, and reasonable expectations that you can stick to for a lifetime. These life changes are an investment in your future.
Change doesn’t happen just because you want it to. It happens because you plan to make it happen.