5 Key Stages of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2022

Posted by LEAD on January 31st, 2023

The Union Education Ministry recently launched the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for the foundational phase of education for kids in the 3 to 8 age group. 

The National Curriculum Framework is a vital step in implementing the New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020). NCF is an important policy document that will bring the soul of NEP alive and lead the education system towards transforming the future of India.

What is the National Curriculum Framework?

NCF serves as a guideline for designing the books and the syllabus and informs teaching practices in the country. In addition, it plans a national study program. NCF includes topic expectations and preparation at every stage with the core subjects.

This curriculum makes the environment conducive to the best learning, where the kids are encouraged to participate in different activities. It also enhances the framework to provide excellent knowledge and experiences beyond books.

NCF promotes the student’s balanced and harmonious development. The framework also reflects the richness and diversity of India’s values, ideals and culture. There are a total of four NCFs proposed by the New Education Policy 2020. Have a look!

  • National Curriculum Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education

  • National Curriculum Framework for School Education

  • National Curriculum Framework for Adult Education

  • National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education

What is National Education Policy 2020?

The NCF 2022 is one of the main components of National Education Policy 2020 that energises and enables this transformation, informed by the principles, approach and aims of NEP 2020.

  • The NEP is transforming the education sector in India.

  • It has set education on a path to delivering quality learning for all, with equity and inclusion.

  • This policy combines playschools, kindergartens, or nurseries with grades 1 and 2.

  • Amongst the most transformative aspects of NEP is the new 5+3+3+4 curriculum, which integrates Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) for all kids ages 3 to 8.

  • Mid-term drop-out kids will be able to complete their course after a break.

  • No other language will be forced on any kids.

  • This policy combines traditional and digital learning systems.

What Are the Five Stages of National Curriculum Framework (NCF)?

NCF focuses on the five components of English: Whole Words, Writing and Speaking Expression, Reading and Listening Comprehension, Phonics and Grammar. This curriculum is also introduced in a new educational path, such as standards-based or outcome-based education reform design.

NCF improves the flexibility of taking examinations and integrating students with class school life. In addition, the framework enhances an overriding individuality informed by concerns within the democratic polity of the country.

The entire National Curriculum Framework is centred on the development of these five sheaths:  

  • Physical Development – NCF develops habits in kids that keep them healthy and safe, sharpness in sensorial perceptions and a fit and flexible body.

  • Socio-Emotional and Ethical development - NCF develops emotional intelligence in kids, i.e., the ability to manage and handle their emotions and respond positively to social norms. It also puts a positive attitude towards productive work and the natural environment around them.

  • Cognitive Development – NCF develops mathematical understanding and abilities in kids to recognise the globe through shapes, measures and quantities. 

  • Language and Literacy Development - NCF develops effective communication and problem-solving skills in kids for day-to-day interactions.

  • Aesthetic and Cultural Development - NCF develops sensibilities and abilities in students to visual and performing arts and express their emotions through art in meaningful and joyful ways.  


National Curriculum Framework promotes a wholesome development of the child encompassing the emotional, physical, and educational aspects. Below are the key takeaways from this curriculum-

  • Introducing the idea of education without load by reducing the syllabus.

  • Every kid should have access to value learning without discrimination.

  • Curricular practices should be in alignment with social justice, equality and secularism.

  • Increase an Indian education structure in society.

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