How your home loan EMIs are calculated

Posted by nikhil294 on October 12th, 2016

Institutions providing home loans intermittently come up with new forms of loans that are devised to meet the needs of house buyers from every section of the society. However, before choosing a particular loan, it is very important to have a comprehension about the most important constituent of the loan - the EMIs.

An EMI, or equated monthly instalment, is a certain amount of money that is payable by you to the bank (in case you have taken a home loan) in order to obtain legal possession of the house.

What is an EMI?

In plain financial terms, an Emi calculator online is the amount of money paid by borrowers, each calendar month, to the lender, for clearing their outstanding loan. This also means that a sum of money gets deducted from your particular account irrespective of any sudden untoward financial stringency faced by you. EMI payments are made every month, generally on a fixed date, for the entire tenure of the loan, till the outstanding amount has been completely repaid.

EMI break-up

When it comes to segregating the sum that is payable towards the loan, EMI is actually deduced based on an unequal combination of principal and interest. In the initial years of the loan, a major portion of the EMI comprises the interest payable by the borrower. As the loan matures, and as the principal gradually gets paid, the outstanding loan amount reduces. The interest component thus becomes lower than the principal, and finally minimal. The EMI, though, stays as a constant amount each month, except in the following cases:

Instances when the borrower paid a lump sum amount of the outstanding loan, then this amount gets duly adjusted against the remaining balance, thereby reducing the EMI. Now, in this particular case, the borrower gets an option where he/she can maintain the EMI while reducing the loan tenure.

In case the borrower has opted for floating rate of interest, then the EMI varies according to market fluctuations.

The EMI of your home loan is determined by four major factors

Principal amount: The principal amount refers to the actual sum of money that is borrowed by the lender. Beyond question, the principal amount is a major determining factor towards the EMI that is to be paid by you.

Rate of interest: The rate of interest is the rate at which the borrower has taken money from an organization or market. This is the most important factor when it comes to determining your EMI. The higher the rate of interest, the greater is the EMI payable by you. It is always advisable to do a market study of various Emi calculator online offered by lending bodies and then decide upon a particular product.

Loan tenure: The tenure of the loan refers to the duration for which the loan has been taken. The longer the duration of the loan, the lesser the monthly EMI burden on the borrower.

Fixed and floating rate of interest

EMIs can be calculated either on a fixed or a floating rate of interest.

Fixed rate of interest: A fixed rate of interest is charged throughout the loan tenure, thereby making the EMI payable a constant sum. It is generally better to opt for a fixed rate only when the prevailing interest rates have reached rock bottom levels and if an upward trend is anticipated.

Floating rate of interest: Floating rates vary with the market lending rates and are thus prone to fluctuations. The Emi calculator online would increase or decrease depend on the interest rate movement. In this case, banks provide an alternative to increase the tenure of the loan, at a constant EMI, for borrowers who do not desire their EMI to be increased in case of higher interest rates.