A Short Guide About Peripheral Vascular Diseases

Posted by medtechedge on February 20th, 2017

Peripheral vascular diseases encompassing the diagnosis and treatment of blood vessels present around the body, brain and heart. These have continued to be one of the main reasons for amputation in several countries including United States. Also known as PVD and peripheral artery disease (PAD), it manages the diseases related with blood circulation, blood vessels blocks (either completely or partially).

It occurs when plaque deposits in veins and vessels responsible for carrying blood to all parts of body. It is a serious illness which requires accurate diagnosis and treatment. Similarly to the Raynaud’s Syndrome diagnosis, the appropriate vascular medical devices are required for diagnosis and treatment later on.

Moving back to the reasons for it, the plaque that gets deposited in the veins gets hardened, which over time may lead to partial or complete blockage in blood circulation. The plaque is a combination of calcium, fat, fibrous tissues, cholesterol, and several other substances. For its detection, the doctors perform Doppler ultrasound on the patient, which measures the blood flow through veins. The examinations measure blood pressure in knees and ankles. There are mainly two kinds of PADs that take place in human body: organic and functional. The functional PVDs result from smoking, cold temperatures, stress, and constant working with vibratory machinery. Organic PVD, on the contrary, is caused due to inflammation, blood clots, tissue damage, or atherosclerosis.

Peripheral artery diseases are more common in men than women; tend to happen in individuals over 50 years old.

Contributing factors to increased Peripheral Vascular Diseases included but not limited to:

  • Overweight or Obesity
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Diabetes
  • Lack of physical activities
  • History of hypertension in patient.
  • History of any kind of atherosclerosis side effects
  • Never ending renal disappointment
  • Low levels of high-thickness lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol
  • Large amounts of low-thickness lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglycerides

PVD can be treated using different methods like medicines, surgery, angioplasty, change in lifestyle, physical activity and so forth.

The medicines mainly help in easing down the swelling as well as pain that the patient faces while performing any action. Surgery on the other hand, helps in restoration of blood circulation by replacing the blocked blood vessel with healthy blood vessel of human body. But all these need to be accompanied with lifestyle changes otherwise nothing works in an effective manner for a long time.

For More Info :- Ankle Brachial Index

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