Detail description about Java Array and Regex

Posted by infocampus on September 19th, 2017

Normally, array is a collection of similar type of elements that have contiguous memory location.

Java array is an object the contains elements of similar data type. It is a data structure where we store similar elements. We can store only fixed set of elements in a java array.


Array in java is index based, first element of the array is stored at 0 index.

Advantage of Java Array

  • Code Optimization: It makes the code optimized, we can retrieve or sort the data easily.
  • Random access: We can get any data located at any index position.

Disadvantage of Java Array

Size Limit: We can store only fixed size of elements in the array. It doesn't grow its size at runtime. To solve this problem, collection framework is used in java.Best core java training in Bangalore


Types of Array in java

There are two types of array.

  • Single Dimensional Array
  • Multidimensional Array


Single Dimensional Array

One dimensional array is a list of variables of same type that are accessed by a common name. An individual variable in the array is called  an array element. Arrays forms a way to handle groups of related data. 


Multidimensional Array

             In Java, multidimensional arrays are actually arrays of arrays. These, as you might expect, look and act like regular multidimensional arrays. However, as you will see, there are a couple of subtle differences. To declare a multidimensional array variable, specify each additional index using another set of square brackets. For example, the following declares a two-dimensional array variable called twoD.

When you allocate memory for a multidimensional array, you need only specify the memory for the first (leftmost) dimension. You can allocate the remaining dimensions separately.

              While there is no advantage to individually allocating the second dimension arrays in this situation, there may be in others. For example, when you allocate dimensions manually, you do not need to allocate the same number of elements for each dimension. As stated earlier, since multidimensional arrays are actually arrays of arrays, the length of each array is under your control. For example, the following program creates a two-dimensional array in which the sizes of the second dimension are java training institute bangalore Marathahalli

Java Regex

The Java Regex or Regular Expression is an API to define pattern for searching or manipulating strings.

It is widely used to define constraint on strings such as password and email validation. After learning java regex tutorial, you will be able to test your own regular expressions by the Java Regex Tester Tool.

Java Regex API provides 1 interface and 3 classes in java.util.regex package.

java.util.regex package

It provides following classes and interface for regular expressions. The Matcher and Pattern classes are widely used in java regular expression.

  1. MatchResult interface
  2. Matcher class
  3. Pattern class
  4. PatternSyntaxException class

Matcher class

It implements MatchResult interface. It is a regex engine i.e. used to perform match operations on a character sequence.





boolean matches()

test whether the regular expression matches the pattern.


boolean find()

finds the next expression that matches the pattern.


boolean find(int start)

finds the next expression that matches the pattern from the given start number.


String group()

returns the matched subsequence.


int start()

returns the starting index of the matched subsequence.


int end()

returns the ending index of the matched subsequence.


int groupCount()

returns the total number of the matched subsequence.

Pattern class

It is the compiled version of a regular expression. It is used to define a pattern for the regex engine.





static Pattern compile(String regex)

compiles the given regex and return the instance of pattern.


Matcher matcher(CharSequence input)

creates a matcher that matches the given input with pattern.


static boolean matches(String regex, CharSequence input)

It works as the combination of compile and matcher methods. It compiles the regular expression and matches the given input with the pattern.


String[] split(CharSequence input)

splits the given input string around matches of given pattern.


String pattern()

returns the regex pattern.

Regex Character classes


Character Class




a, b, or c (simple class)



Any character except a, b, or c (negation)



a through z or A through Z, inclusive (range)



a through d, or m through p: [a-dm-p] (union)



d, e, or f (intersection)



a through z, except for b and c: [ad-z] (subtraction)



a through z, and not m through p: [a-lq-z](subtraction)

Regex Metacharacters

The regular expression metacharacters work as a short codes.




Any character (may or may not match terminator)


Any digits, short of [0-9]


Any non-digit, short for [^0-9]


Any whitespace character, short for [\t\n\x0B\f\r]


Any non-whitespace character, short for [^\s]


Any word character, short for [a-zA-Z_0-9]


Any non-word character, short for [^\w]


A word boundary


A non word boundary

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