Different Types of Water Treatment Plants You Should Know Before Choosing One

Posted by Linda Hudson on October 12th, 2017

There is a scarcity of usable water. So, a water treatment plant plays a significant role in this day and age. The plant is a facility where wasted water is treated to make it usable for end-users. Several processes are applied for treating water. Some of the primary processes include filtration, sedimentation, chlorination, coagulation, disinfection and so on. Also, different types of equipment are used at water plants. Some of them include water filters, oil water separators, ozone generator, screening equipment’s, sludge treatment equipment and many others. The water is treated for different purposes and thee are water treatment plants that are designed to serve different applications.

Here is brief information about them.

Wastewater Treatment

The most common water treatment plant is to treat the water which is collected from industries, homes, and other sources. To make the water reusable, the wastewater is treated by removing physical, chemical, radioactive, biological pollutants. Sludge treatment and sewage treatment are the two popular sub-types of wastewater purification plants. Moreover, a decentralized wastewater plant is another common plant used to treat water. The water treated by plants is used for landscape irrigation and toilet flush supply.

Surface Water Treatment

A surface water treatment process is used to make surface water fit for municipal applications. Suspended impurities, colloidal matter, and organic components are removed through processes like sedimentation, aeration, screening, disinfection and sand filtration.

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Containerized Water Treatment Plant

Treatment, optimization & design of containerized treatment plant enable it to make water pollution-free. This plant is used to make pollutant-free water in remote areas. It is believed to be the most suitable option for the rural area. This plant is also installed near mining or military camps and can be the best option to be used in an emergency situation.

Ozone Based Water Plant

As the name suggests, this plant uses ozone to purify water and make it reusable. It is majorly used for the treatment of pool water or the water available in cooling towers. Ozone has been proved to be an excellent antiseptic for different microorganisms, such as Cryptosporidium and protozoan parasites. The unique thing about this type of plant is that it doesn't require adding any chemical to the water.

Seawater Treatment Plant

To dissolve minerals such as salt, sewage treatment plant is used. Membrane separation, desalination, and vacuum freezing processes are practiced at these seawater treatment plants. The United States and Saudi Arabia are the two countries that have the most number of seawater desalination plants.


Apart from the plants above, there are many other water treatment plants such as package wastewater plant, bottled water treatment, mobile water treatment plants and many others. Choose one which is known for its treatment optimization & design.

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Linda Hudson

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Linda Hudson
Joined: July 26th, 2016
Articles Posted: 176

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