Post-Operative Care After Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Posted by garry123s on October 13th, 2017

If your third molars (wisdom teeth) are a threat to your oral health, then your dentist may recommend removal. By following post operative instructions you may be able to avoid complications and delayed healing.

Why is post-operative care after wisdom tooth extraction necessary?

You may face some common complications after wisdom teeth extraction such as temporary bleeding, swelling, discomfort, and bruising. Other than this, dry socket is another common post-surgical complication, which is preventable. A socket is basically the hole in the bone from where your tooth has been extracted and once your tooth is removed a blood clot is formed in that socket. If that blood clot within the socket is dislodged, it exposes the bone and the nerve endings and it causes severe pain. Apart from the pain, it also causes bad breath, an unpleasant taste in your mouth, visible bone within the socket and a low-grade fever.

Preventing potential problems post wisdom tooth extraction

  • Swelling

After your wisdom tooth extraction surgery, if you notice swelling, bruising, or any other discomfort, you can apply ice packs to the outside of your mouth sporadically. And if your wisdom tooth was infected before the extraction, then your dental professional may ask you to use warm, moist compression rather than using ice.

  • Bleeding

After your wisdom tooth extraction, it is normal to expect some bleeding. You can keep a gauze pad over the extraction site for about 30 minutes after your surgery. Repeat this if necessary and if the bleeding still continues, bite on a moistened black tea bag for 30 minutes. The tannic acid present in the tea helps in contracting the bleeding vessels and form a clot. Remember to avoid spitting and using a straw.

  • Diet

Once your bleeding stops, make sure to drink plenty of lukewarm or cold liquids to keep yourself hydrated. You can have regular meals, but you need to start with clear liquids and soft foods. Your food intake maybe limited for the first few days but make sure to increase your fluid intake. Do not miss meals and keep hydrated.

  • Mouth care

You should limit the eating, drinking, and talking for the first 2 hours after the tooth extraction surgery and should rest for the remaining day. Your blood clot shouldn't be dislodged; therefore, to prevent that do not rinse vigorously or use a straw while drinking. Apart from this, you should avoid any kind of heavy and rigorous exercises for a few days and also smoking or spitting excessively on the day you have your surgery and as long as there is bleeding. After 12 hours of your surgery, you can go ahead and gently rinse your mouth with aa salt water rinse. You also need to be careful while brushing your teeth on the night of your surgery and must avoid the surgical area.

  • Medications

Do not forget to take any pain medications and antibiotics for your infection as prescribed by your dentist. If you have any reactions to the medication, please talk to your dentist immediately.

Whether you remove one of your wisdom teeth or all of them, your dentist can guide you about the procedure and post-operative care. Make sure you listen to them and follow the advice appropriately.