Differences between Python vs. Scala

Posted by infocampushr on January 17th, 2019

Differences between Python vs. Scala

Python and Scala are the two major languages for data science, Big Data, Cluster computing. Both Python and Scala are the overall purpose programming languages that support Object oriented model to create applications.

Python is a taken high-level object-oriented programming language created by Guido Rossum. It’s a dynamically written language. It is an interface to several OS system calls and supports multiple programming models together with Python Training In Bangalore  object-oriented, imperative, practical and procedural paradigms.

Scala is additionally an object-oriented programming language designed by Martin Odersky. It’s accustomed offer support for practical programming and a powerful static type system. Scala gets its name as a mix of ‘scalable’ and ‘language’, wherever it will scale in line with the amount of users and here everything is an expression. It swimmingly integrates the options of object-oriented and practical languages.

Key variations Between Python vs. Scala

The variations Between Python vs. Scala are explained within the below-mentioned points:

  1. Python may be a dynamically written taken language whereas Scala may be a statically written compiled language
  2. For development, Python looks a lot of productive and it doesn’t would like compilation for many cases that create development quicker and speedy. Within the case of Scala, a compilation is just too slow, therefore the event of Scala application takes longer.
  3. Python has huge libraries as per the various task complexities. Just in case of Scala, its libraries are small.
  4. Python contains a lot of available platforms however CPython is usually used whereas for Scala, applications run in JVM
  5. just in case of Python, the low level can be achieved by extending using C and C++. For Scala, it's not easy to realize the low level and principally suppose JVM.
  6. Python has decent memory usage whereas Scala has a lot of memory consumption.
  7. Python is way easier to find out than Scala
  8. Being a dynamic language, Python executes slowly than Scala
  9. Python is less complicated to check because of being dynamic whereas being static, Scala is good for testing
  10. Python may be a mature language and its usage continues to grow. However in case of Scala, it doesn’t have widespread use or knowledge base.

Following is that the set of points shows the comparison Between Python vs. Scala

Definition

  • Python may be a dynamically written Object oriented programming language in Python class in Bangalore marathahalli order that we don’t have to be compelled to specify objects.
  • Scala is statically written Object oriented programming language and thus we want to specify the kind of variables and objects in Scala

Performance

  • Python being a dynamically written language creates further work for the interpreter at the runtime. It’s to determine the information types during runtime.
  • Scala being a statically written language uses the JVM and therefore it's ten times quicker than Python. Therefore while coping with massive data method, Scala should be thought-about rather than Python

Platform

  • Python has an interface to several OS system calls and libraries. it's several interpreters
  • Scala relies on JVM and its source code is compiled to Java byte Codes then executed by JVM. It’s essentially a compiled language and all source codes are compiled before execution

Simplicity

  • Python is easy to learn and use. Its English-like syntax contributes to its popularity. It’s simple for the developers to write code in Python.
  • Scala is less troublesome to find out than Python. However, for concurrent and scalable systems, Scala plays a far bigger and necessary role than Python.

Concurrency

  • Python doesn’t support correct multithreading, although it supports heavyweight method forking.
  • Scala contains a list of asynchronous libraries and reactive cores and therefore it's a more robust selection for implementing concurrency.

Type of Safety

  • Python language is dynamically written and extremely vulnerable to bugs whenever there's any modification to the present code. However, it will be used for small-scale comes however it doesn’t offer scalable feature support.
  • Scala may be a statically written language that provides an interface to catch the compile time errors. Therefore refactoring code in Scala is much easier and ideal than Python.

Testing

  • Being a dynamic programming language, testing method and its methodologies are much complicated in Python.
  • Scala may be a statically written language and therefore testing is way higher in Scala.

Support

  • Python’s Community is big compared to Scala
  • Both are open supply and Scala additionally has sensible community support. But still, it's lesser than Python.

Advanced options

  • Python has correct data science tools and libraries for Machine learning and natural language processing (NLP). Scala doesn't have that a lot of tools to work on machine learning and IP.
  • Scala has numerous existential sorts, macros and implicit. The syntax with advanced options is also little hard as compared to usual functions. Frameworks and libraries, however, enable the developers to create sensible use of those features.

Conclusion Python vs. Scala

After comparison Python vs. Scala over a range of things, it are often all over that selection of any of the language depends entirely on the options that best match the project wants as all has its own professionals and cons. So, before deciding on a language for programming, developers ought to learn and analyze completely different artifacts of each Python and Scala language. Thus, supported the project would like, time of work and on all alternative completely different mentioned aspects, anyone of those languages should be elect to succeed in the required goal.

 

Also See: Python Vs, Object Oriented, Written Language, Statically Written, Written, Scala, Python
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