Posted by Melda Research on April 9th, 2019

Smartphones are phones that have advanced operating systems. Typically, a smartphone integrates the common features of a phone with those of other mobile devices such as GPS, touch screen with 3-rd party applications, camera, multimedia and personal assistance. They also have internet browsing capabilities, Wi-Fi, motion sensors and many other features. The basic architecture of a smartphone includes the main memory, GPU and application processor, the operating system and drivers, the run-time system or the middleware and application software. The operating system accommodates the GPS, display, camera uphone, and speakers. It also hosts the transmitter and receivers, the operating system baseband radio interface and modem processor.

The system-on-chip has three critical elements that include the application processor that execute end-user’s application software, a modem or baseband processor and a number of peripheral devices. The system-on-a-chip is also a combination chipset that features the actual processor cores, graphic chipset, Ram and Rom and interface controllers that support different user devices.

Smartphones have evolved from 1993, when IBM launched the IBM Simons. The first smartphone had features such as a pager, PDA, and a fax machine. It also featured peripherals such as games, calculator, notepads, world clock, a calendar, and email. Since then, the evolution of the smartphone has taken a sharp increase in production and sophistication. One of themajormilestones in theevolution of the smartphone is the introduction of Android and iOS operating systems. Apple Inc launched the first iPhone in 2007 that allowed using a multi-touch screen. A year later (2008), HTC, which uses Android, hit the market. The iPhone uses iOS operating system. In 2013, Samsung launched the Galaxy S3 that offers more interactions with humans. Future prospects indicate the prospects of more sophisticated Smartphones

Currently, smartphones are the fastest growing devices. Their modern technology gives users a great experience. For example, communication is more than the voice calls. They allow email, video calls and video conferences and internet connectivity everywhere. They also allow the integration of endless applications that goes beyond gaming. Such applications find their use in the business, health care industry, security, transport and almost every aspect of human lives.

Despite the great benefits and experience smartphones offer to end-user consumers, there are numerous ethical issues surrounding their manufacture and use. The ability of the phones to interact with the users and access the internet has raised the ethical issue of internet spying. Various stakeholders and activists outcry the invasion of privacy in the internet era. Although the issue of spying, invasion of privacy and other data and information-related issues, there is an area of great importance stakeholders are shying away. The manufacturer of smartphones has beenassociated with numerous unethical issues include labor exploitation in the production center, little concern for sustainable development, and the importation of minerals from war-torn areas. Most smartphones consist of 40 percent metal and 40% plastic while the rest include ceramic and other miscellaneous materials. The extraction of these metals raises consideration environmental issues. In addition, some of these metals come from war torn areas thus earning the title “conflict minerals “ or “blood smartphones.” The manufacturer of smartphones requires the use of coltan. Approximately 80% of global coltan mineral is found in Africa, especially Congo. Despite Congo having these rich deposits of coltan, it mineral industry is ravaged by armed guerilla fighters who commit atrocities such as mass murder and rape. Often, these groups have extortion rings, and the money used to purchase the mineral end up financing the atrocities.

The focus of the essay is the extent of the ethical responsibility of smartphone manufacturers to ensure the raw materials are not conflict materials. The argument point is “similar attention should be given to “Blood Smartphone as it was given to “blood diamonds.” As with the infamous “blood diamond trade,” there are numerous solution to the conflict problem, but stakeholders in the smartphone and electronic industry are not keen to implement them.

Sherry Roberts is the author of this paper. A senior editor at MeldaResearch.Com in pre written college essays. If you need a similar paper you can place your order from pay someone to write my research paper services.

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Melda Research
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