How to apply for a business loan?

Posted by neha sharma on April 29th, 2019

A business loan is a type of loan in which funds borrowed are exclusively used for the growth of the business. There are several types of business loans that can be used for different purposes for expansion of the business.  Some of the common business loans are:

  • Equipment finance loans
  • Purchase order financing
  • Invoice discounting
  • Working capital loans
  • Bridge loans
  • Long term business loans or term loans
  • Government scheme business loans such as Startup India, STEM loans
  • Loan against property
  • Cash credit facility
  • Letter of Credit and Bank Guarantees
  • Overdraft facility against current account

These loan offerings are mostly customized based on the business requirements. Business finance is crucial to help a business expand its operations. There are many lenders who offer loans to different businesses. Applying for a business loan is a simple procedure that does not take much time.

How to apply for a business loan?

The application procedure is similar for most business loans. Business loans can be classified broadly into:

  • Secured business loans
  • Unsecured business loans
  • Trade finance

The first step to apply for a business loan is to check the eligibility of the business for the loan. Most lenders have an eligibility calculator or detailed eligibility guidelines on their website. The standard eligibility criteria consider the following:

  • Minimum turnover limit for the business
  • Minimum profit after tax limit for the business
  • Number of years the business is in operation
  • Minimum number of years the business is making a profit
  • Maximum and minimum age of the applicant in case of sole proprietory firms

In case of secured business loans such as equipment finance or loan against property, the amount of loan is determined against the asset secured such as office premises, land, equipment, receivables etc. But in case of an unsecured loan, the amount is determined as per the loan application and an assessment of the income and repaying capacity of the business.

The application procedure is standard:

  1. It is possible to apply for a business loan online on the bank or financial institution’s website. To apply, you will need to fill up the loan application form and submit it online. Once the bank gets the application, someone from the customer service team will contact you to get your documents.
  2. In case of offline loan application, you need to get a loan application form from the lender’s branch and fill in all the details. You need to submit the form with the required documents, income proofs, KYC details, so that the lender can process the application.

If the lender accepts the loan application, you will need to sign a loan agreement before the funds are disbursed to the business’s bank accounts. It is important to check all the details in the loan agreement before signing. Once the agreement is signed, the funds are disbursed.

neha sharma

About the Author

neha sharma
Joined: April 18th, 2019
Articles Posted: 59

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