The Importance of Chemical Kinetics
Posted by Winniem on May 6th, 2019
The principles of chemical kinetics are associated with an understanding of various properties of reactions such as the speeds of reactions or rates of a reaction, as well as hidden chemical properties of matter. In matter and its substances, chemical kinetics is an area of great significance.
Application of Chemical Kinetics in Medicine and Health Sector
The major areas where chemical kinetics applies include medical fields where principles of chemical kinetics are applied to provide knowledge on how quickly a medicine can work. In medical field the main goal is of involving chemical kinetics is to understand the process of determining the rates at which a chemical reaction occurs (Pearson Education, Inc, 2010). Health sector provides analysis how chemical kinetics factors control and manages various processes in health science as well as food science. For example, healthcare sectors study the factors that determine how rapidly food spoils using chemical kinetics. In dental department chemical kinetics aspects are used in designing a fast setting chemical material for a dental filling. In Health sectors nurses, physicians and doctors ensure that the patient receives the correct dose of a drug through measures determined through chemical kinetics. The various forms of medicines and their status, as well as administration criteria such as liquid form, tablets form, gel caps, syringes, and syrups, are determined by chemical kinetics (Kier, Lemont, Paul, Cheng, 2005).
Application of Chemical Kinetics in Nature
In studying environment and the surrounding, chemical kinetics enable weather forecast scientists to understand the relationship between the formation and depletion of ozone layer in the upper most atmospheres are in the balance (Pearson Education, Inc, 2010). In studying the rate at which air pollution affects environment chemical kinetics are used to define possible control measures that can be applied to limit the rate at pollutant are exposed and emitted in the air. Through chemical kinetics, scientists can understand phenomena such as the formation minerals like diamonds or other precious stones within the Earth’s crust.
Application of Chemical Kinetics in Industries
In industrial sectors chemical kinetics procedures are applied to solve various problems involves in processing, production, as well as analysis. For example, during the process of conducting reactions in various reaction chambers chemical compounds are mixed, transferred for heating and stirring processes through automated systems (Kier, Lemont, Paul, Cheng, 2005). The time before, after and reaction period before moving reactants to the next phase of the process is determined by chemical kinetics rates of reactions. Industrial producers apply chemical kinetics techniques in the development of catalysts that facilitate synthesizing of new materials. Steel manufacturing industries use matter and its properties to explain and determine the rate at which steel rusts. Chemical kinetics is used to show life span of steel and its possibilities in sustaining life during corresponding applications. In automobile industries, the chemical kinetics are used to study the rate at which fuel burns in an automobile engine following application of different environments and catalysts (Pearson Education, Inc, 2010).
Application of Chemical Kinetics in Human Body
The human body structure relies on chemical kinetics known as the activation energies especially to facilitate effective protection of all the organic chemicals in the human body. The chemical reactions that take place in the body such as oxidation results from instant combustion of air, Oxidation process are controlled by chemical kinetics. The process in which the broken skis and surfboards, as well as legs, are usually repaired from a disastrous fracture is as a result of chemical kinetics (Frank, 1998). Chemical Kinetics studies are important for facilitating a better understanding of biological processes such as enzyme-catalysed reactions. Chemical kinetics is also important for controlling and managing certain antibiotics factors such as minimum inhibitory concentration at which the antibiotic works, the aminoglycosides, vancomycin, and penicillins (Labuza, 2000).
Application of Chemical Kinetics in Pharmaceuticals
In pharmaceuticals and pharmacies, professions encounter challenges such as chemical degradation of different pharmaceuticals in daily operations. However, the life span of chemicals and drugs is guaranteed by knowledge of chemical kinetics. Proper storage of drugs and their substances can be guaranteed through determining dates of use and determining prescriptions parameters through using chemical kinetics principles (Thomas, 2013). The process of preparing and storing sterile products are major examples as well as common scenarios highly depend on the knowledge and information about the chemical kinetics of pharmaceuticals. Chemical kinetics ensures safety, protection, prevention and economic advantages for pharmacists especially in preserving pharmaceutical products (Petrove, 2010). In Pharmaceutical field, chemical kinetics helps in understanding effectiveness and efficiency of the processes that affect chemical degradation as well as the chemical factors that influence chemical degradation.
In the manufacturing of Pharmaceuticals, chemical kinetics facilitates proper understanding and application of mathematical principles that determine degradation time, rate and completion of the reaction. Through chemical kinetics processes, professional are assisted in making necessary decisions. Chemical kinetics aspects such as pharmacokinetics and biopharmaceutics are mainly common in pharmacy particularly for investigating first-order and zero-order reactions, which are mostly associated with pharmaceutical degradation reactions (Thomas, 2013). Pharmaceuticals specialists apply chemical kinetics to determine the rate of degradation of the various drug since it must be known before approval for usage. Chemical kinetics is very essential in determining the length of time in which a particular drug remains stable. All factors that affect the drug are determined by comparing the inherent and external factors that rely on chemical kinetics (Kier, Lemont, Paul, Cheng, 2005). Some inherent factors include changes that occur as a result of decomposing a molecular level such as changes in energy and the breaking of molecular bonds.
Chemical Kinetics is used to maintain the properties and characteristics of Chemistry by maintaining the natural aspects that Chemistry keeps on changing. Chemical reactions implement kinetic principles to facilitate the effective and efficient conversion of substances into different materials that have beneficial properties (Kier, Lemont, Paul, Cheng, 2005). Through chemical kinetics, scientific studies facilitate the effective conversion of chemical reactions to aid the formation of new substances from a certain set of reactants. The significance of chemical kinetics is to facilitate a clear understanding of rapid chemical reactions that occur in daily lives. It enables a proper understanding of rates of reactions spanning across an enormous range of reactants such as from those that ensure reaction is complete within fractions of seconds. It also provides a rationale for certain explosions that are known to take thousands or even millions of years, before new substances are formed (Kier, Lemont, Paul, Cheng, 2005). Although the study analysis has not exhausted or addressed full list of importance chemical kinetics most of the significances have been well covered where possible.
Frank L. L (1998). Chemical Kinetics: As Important As the Second Law of Thermodynamics?
Kier C., Lemont B., Paul G., Cheng C. (2005). Additional Applications in Chemical Kinetics. Modeling Chemical Systems Using Cellular Automata: A textbook and laboratory manual. Springer Netherlands; Dordrecht SN - 978-1-4020-3690-3.UR
Labuza P. (2000). Application of Chemical Kinetics to Deterioration of Foods Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108.
Pearson Education, Inc (2010). Chemical Kinetics, Introduction.
Petrove L. (2010). Application Of Chemical Kinetics In The Heterogeneous Catalysis Studies. SABIC Chair in Heterogeneous Catalysis Chemical and Materials Engineering Department College of Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah.
Thomas C. (2013). Chemical Kinetics of Pharmaceuticals.
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