10 things to know about HIV
Posted by Be Fit on May 30th, 2019
10 things to know about HIV
1. HIV does not mean AIDS
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) weakens the body's immune system, making it more vulnerable to infection. In the most advanced stages of the disease, any small infection that the body would have got rid of in normal times can turn into a serious illness. It is from this moment that one can say that the person has AIDS (for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). In fact, AIDS is the name of the disease caused by HIV.
2. AIDS can take 10 years to manifest
There are no specific symptoms of HIV infection, some people may have some fever, sore throat, feeling weak a few weeks after transmission, but of course these symptoms can match any other benign infection.
3. Sexual transmission is the most common
Even though at the very beginning of the epidemic, contamination with injection equipment (syringes) used for drug use was an important vector, an important prevention (and the provision of prevention kits for drug users). intravenous drugs) has reduced this mode of transmission.
4. You can not catch him by kissing
You can not be contaminated if you come into contact with fluids such as saliva, sweat or tears. Hugs, kisses, exchange of cutlery, sharing a glass, etc. are not vectors of the vuris, just like caresses on the genitals of another person, even if there is ejaculation. The infected fluid must come into contact with mucous membranes or open wounds.
5. People with other STIs are at higher risk of contracting HIV
People who suffer from sexually transmitted infections such as herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea or syphilis are at higher risk of contracting the HIV virus because these diseases cause lesions that can be inputs to the virus and the immune system is weakened at the time of infection.
6. Gay and bisexual men are most affected
At the beginning of the AIDS epidemic, homosexual men were the most affected because the practice of sodomy is accompanied by a greater risk of contamination. Today, prevention campaigns for condom use have reduced the number of HIV-positive people in the homosexual population significantly. MSM (men who have sex with men) are still among the populations most affected by the epidemic, but to a lesser extent.
7. Women are more likely to catch it
A woman is eight times more likely to contract the virus during a relationship with an infected person than a man. During penetration, the vagina experiences small, imperceptible lesions that are a pathway into the virus. Also, sperm is considered the most infected fluid after the blood.
8. HIV can be controlled but AIDS remains a deadly disease
9. When to get tested?
If you have had sex at risk, it is better to wait six weeks before getting tested for HIV. Most people go through a period when the antibodies against the virus are being manufactured and therefore can not be detected. If you do exams before and that the screening is positive, it is that you are infected, if not, you must do again a week after.