Cyber Security - Different Types and Steps to Perform

Posted by Pinki Mondal on July 25th, 2019

Cyber attacks have become a grave danger to organizations, employees, and consumers. They are basically designed to access and destroy sensitive data or extort money.

A cyber security is an effective way to counteract cyber attacks. A strong cyber security system includes multiple layers of protection spread across computer, programs, and networks. A strong cyber security system does not only depend on cyber defense technology but also on people making smart cyber defense choices.

Elements of Cyber Security:

To ensure cyber security, it is required to have the coordination of efforts throughout an information system, that includes:

  • Network Security
  • Information Security
  • Application Security
  • Operational Security
  • Disaster Recovery
  • End-user education

One of the most problematic components of cyber security is the ever growing nature of security risks. The traditional approach was focusing on important system components and protecting against the biggest known threats, that refers to leave components undefended and not to protect system against less dangerous risks.

To deal with the current environment, advisory organizations are promoting a more proactive and adaptive approach. As an example, The National Institute of Standards and Technology has recently issued updated guidelines in its risk assessment framework doing continuous monitoring and real-time assessments.

Version 1.1 of the Framework was released in April 2018 to improve Critical Infrastructure. The voluntary cyber security framework which is developed for use in communications, defense, banking, and energy industries can also be used by all sectors.

Different Types of Cyber Security Threats:

The process of keeping pace with new technologies, security trends, and threat intelligence is a challenging task. Still, it is required to protect information and other resources from cyber threats, that may come in many forms like:

  • Malware: It is a file or program which is used to harm a computer user like computer viruses, worms, Spyware, and Trojan horses.
  • Ransomware: It is a type of malware that entails an attacker to lock the victim’s computer system files through encryption.
  • Phishing: It is a form of fraud where fraudulent emails are sent resembling emails from reputable sources. The intention of such mails is to steal sensitive data like credit card or login information.
  • Social Engineering: It is a kind of attack depending on human interaction to trick users into breaking security procedures to gather typically protected sensitive data.

 Steps to Prevent Cyber Attacks on Your Organization:

Because of poor security measures adopted by large enterprises face complex situations in the market and to overcome such problems, they should make and implement plans and strategies in an effective way.

Following are some steps to prevent cyber attacks on your organization:

  • Identify the Threats: Hackers are always there to find a scope to attack privacy and steal the very important data. That’s why it is always better to take precautions to protect your company’s valuable information. Identify and handle the potential threats that can be harmful for your company.
  • Beware of Cyber Crimes: Always be aware of cybercriminals to be sure that your organization is covered with all times necessary strategies and plans. Keep records of information which one is attractive for criminals and which is not.
  • Keep an Eye on Employees: Keep your employees motivated and discourage them from leaking out important information along with trying to make them more loyal to your company.
  • Use Two-Factor Authentication: Use two-factor authentication to minimize the risk of getting hacked. Using two-factor authentication will increase security by adding an additional step for accessing account.
  • Conduct Audits on a Regular Basis: To minimize the risk of getting hacked, have an audit executed b y cyber security consultants who are experts at protecting data.
  • Ensure a strong Sign-Off Policy: Develop and implement a strong sign-off policy for all your employees to keep your company safe and secure. This sign-off policy will make sure that your employees are liable to return mobile and laptops before they leave the company.
  • Protect the Important Data: Data that is vulnerable and sensitive can be targeted by hackers and that’s why it should be protected first. Keep a check on how the staff is accessing data storage and also make sure that no one can access it without authorization.
  • Carry Out Risk Assessments: Risk management is one of the major factors contributing towards the business growth by keeping the business safe from getting exposed to competitors. So, carry out risk assessments regularly to minimize the risk.

Careers in Cyber Security

 As the cyber threat is growing with emerging threats, the cyber security jobs are in great demand all over the world. Candidates by taking cyber security training in Kolhapur, can apply for the following job roles like:

  • Security Engineer
  • Security Analyst
  • Security Architect
  • Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)

Last but not least, whenever you go for cyber security training course, make sure the institute or training center you are going to take admission is the best and authentic one. Because it is not only about wastage of money and time but also the matter of your career. So, be careful while choosing cyber security training institute in Kolhapur.

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Pinki Mondal

About the Author

Pinki Mondal
Joined: July 25th, 2019
Articles Posted: 1