First, AI's are helping people maintain and track their health so that they can avoid needless doctor visits.
There is already a surplus of apps that track vitals such as blood pressure that are easily accessible to anyone with a smartphone. Many of these apps also create exercise, sleep, and eating schedules to help develop a healthy routine. Because these apps keep track of daily health data, doctors are provided a more accurate way of identifying health patterns in patients.
Second, artificial intelligence is being utilized to detect illnesses. AI's provide faster and more accurate ways of identifying signs of diseases like cancer. Furthermore, devices like smartwatches or fitness bands can detect abnormal patterns of heart rate and alert the person of these abnormalities.
After detection, AI's can be used for diagnosis. Artificial intelligence databases can hold vast amounts of knowledge and data, which make it easier and quicker to pinpoint an illness based on symptoms. IBM and Google are both working to develop and perfect AI systems that can assist with diagnoses.
Along with the diagnosis, AI can be called upon to help with the decision-making process that follows the identification of an illness. AI's can use predictive analytics and pattern recognition to carve out a path to moving forward that is most beneficial to a patient.
Artificial intelligence is also being utilized to provide treatment. Robots that can actually perform surgery have been developed in hopes of more accuracy and reduced chance of human error. Additionally, AI's that are able to descriptively outline the human body and its illnesses can significantly help doctors get a more accurate idea of how to approach treating certain illnesses.
AI's can even be used to provide care at the end stage of someone's life. This would reduce the need to place people in nursing homes and allow patients to stay at home. These AI's would have the ability to actually interact with people, so the patient would not feel as lonely and out of touch with the world. AI robots that are able to do tasks such as pour water or feed someone in need can go a long way.
A newer use of AI in medicine is in the research stage. The process of getting drugs and medical devices approved is a long and expensive one. The hopes with artificial intelligence is that it will provide a way to both cuts the cost and time taken for drugs and devices to be approved for use.
Finally, artificial intelligence can assist in the training process. An AI can utilize its databases to provide unique and realistic situations that would be difficult for a human to do. These AI can help medical students gain experience with unscripted and spontaneous scenarios that they will have to know how to respond to. These AI's can be extremely advanced or relatively simple.
There could be a talking robot mimicking the symptoms or there could be a simple app putting together different scenarios. Either kind will provide a sort of simulation that is unique nearly every time and void of human biases.
Artificial intelligence is allowing for increased progression and development in each of those eight key areas. Even though artificial intelligence is increasingly becoming a controversial topic, there are certain cases where the benefits of implementing AI systems greatly outweigh the risks. Finding an abnormality in heart rate early can help prevent a heart attack. Finding a quick diagnosis for an illness can allow for faster treatment. These are just two examples of how AI's can save a life. Not only can AI's help save lives, but they provide a lot of conveniences as well. Everything has the potential to operate smoother and quicker with the help of artificial intelligence.
No Longer Science Fiction, AI and Robotics Are Transforming Healthcare. PwC