Human blood is divided into two parts -
Plasma - Approximately 55 to 60% of blood is formed based on plasma volume.
Blood corpuscles - about 40 to 45% divided by volume.
You must know about blood cells but plasma is also not a less important element, so today you know about blood plasma-
Plasma - Plasma is a light yellowish liquid of blood. It is slightly alkaline. Plasma is a clear, transparent and basic liquid (matrix). It makes up about 55 to 60% of the blood. It consists of 90 to 92 percent water and many organic and inorganic substances are present in the remaining 8 to 10 percent.
Organic substances found in plasma - Plasma contains the highest amount of plasma proteins, which consist mainly of albumin, globulins, prothrombin, and fibrinogen. Their task is to determine the osmotic pressure of blood.
Globulins - They act as antibodies and destroy harmful bacteria and viruses.
Prothrombin and fibrinogen - They help in blood clotting.
Apart from these, hormones, vitamins, sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, antibodies and uric acid are also found.
Inorganic substances found in plasma - It contains the highest amount of sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride. Apart from these, some amounts of calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron phosphate, bicarbonate, sulfate, chloride are also present.
Gases - In addition to organic and inorganic materials, gases like oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and ammonia are also found in the dissolved state in plasma.
Hopefully, what is blood plasma on aware that you will like this information and will also prove beneficial for you.