Top Features Of Ruby On Rails That You Must Know About

Posted by Adam Mathews on December 11th, 2019

Ruby on Rails is a server-side framework that is popular among developers for creating web applications. Many well-known websites like Scribd, Shopify and Zendesk uses it for their enterprise. This is because Ruby on Rails has many outstanding features for developers and is highly flexible at the same time. 

Although Ruby on Rails was released 13 years ago, there are many reasons why this software is perfect for developers:-

Open-Source Framework: By open-source, we mean it is free to use and learn. Ruby on Rails is open-source and also comes with many open-source libraries. 

Cost-Effective Framework: Since Ruby on Rails is open-source, it is also highly profitable. It has automated features as well. These include automated testing, scaffolding, and so on. Developers no longer have to perform these tedious tasks, and it saves a lot of money. 

Quick And Flexible Coding: One of the major aims of Ruby on Rails was to make a cleaner codebase. The coding process is much faster than other frameworks. Ruby on Rails also has many unique features that only require a few codes to open. Developers can change or redefine crucial parts of the website freely. They have no restrictions when it comes to coding. With a (-) operator, developers can perform subtraction. They also add 'minus' to the built-in Numeric class as follows: 

class Numeric

def minus (x)




Plugins: Ruby on Rails comes with a plug-in structure that is fairly well defined. Developers can use these plug-ins to make their websites more functional. Instead of write codes for everything, a developer can easily install a plug-in and finish the tasks in no time. Some of the best places where you can find plugins are Railsify, Core Rails and Rails Plug-in Directory. To install a plugin, here's what you have to do: 

# Install from a git repo

script/plugin install git://

# Install from a url

script/plugin install

Community Support Base: Ruby on Rails also has an excellent community support base. Developers can easily learn for free. They can also get help very easily if they get stuck during the coding process. 

MVC Architecture: Ruby on Rails is based on MVC or Model-view-controller or architecture. It provides a structure for everything including database, web service as well as web pages. 

Ruby Libraries: Ruby on Rails Libraries facilitate coding for developers. They can use these libraries to perform complicated tasks like sessions management and form validation that usually take a lot of time. 

Active Record Framework: This Rails framework saves all objects into databases. It locates the columns in a database schema and then attached them to domain objects by metaprogramming. 

Metaprogramming: Metaprogramming is the feature that Ruby on Rails uses to write programs. Ruby on Rails writer programs using a combination of metaprogramming and code generation to facilitate the work for developers. However, it relies more heaving on metaprogramming. 

Automatic Scaffolding: Automatic Scaffolding is an outstanding feature for developers. Due to this option, developers no longer have to create temporary codes to check app components before developing the app. The Rails framework generates codes automatically for this purpose and makes it easier.

Automated Testing Facility: Rails comes with a built-in testing framework for generating automated tests. Developers can extend these tests to suit their unique needs. Ruby on Rails can also create AJAX codes automatically. 

RSPEC: Rspec is a popular alternative to Rails automated testing framework. It uses a lot of English in place of codes and makes it easier for beginners. Rspec also lets you implement tests later while you work on the functionality of your website. It gives you timely reminders about them in your tests runs as long as they are "pending". It has a custom generator that creates tests along with your codes. You can also see how your codes are related to ensuring that nothing on your website is broken. 

Programming Conventions: Ruby on Rails uses programming conventions to specify the parameters of configuration. It does not rely on XML configuration files for this task.

Customised URL: Ruby on Rails makes it easy to generate custom URLs. It also ensures that these URLs are optimised for search engines. 

Components: Components in Ruby on Rails help store reusable codes and for modularising templates. 

Debugging: With Ruby on Rails, you can easily ensure that your website is error-free. The framework provides error logs for all your errors and makes it easy to fix them. 

Three Environments: Ruby on Rails comes with three environments- development, testing and production. These environments highly facilitate web development. 

Rake: Rake is a tool written in Ruby. With Rake, you can perform many tasks at once, like creating sample data, querying web services, rewriting code snippets, moving files, and so on. Rails projects have many predefined Rake tasks. If you run the rake-T command, here's what you will see: 

rake data:bootstrap - load in some basic data 

rake db:create:all - Create all the local databases defined in config/database.yml

rake db:drop - Drops the database for the current RAILS_ENV

rake ts:run to Stop if running, then start a Sphinx searchd daemon using

rake ts:start to Start a Sphinx searchd daemon using Thinking Sphinx's settings

rake ts:stop to Stop Sphinx using Thinking Sphinx's settings

Ruby on Rails is a framework suitable for all types of website- e-commerce or social media, content-related websites or networking platforms. It is incredibly versatile due to its extensive features. A proficient Ruby on Rails developer can make good use of all the features to build a top-class website. If you are a new developer or have never worked with Ruby on Rails, this framework is undoubtedly worth a try. 

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Adam Mathews

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Adam Mathews
Joined: November 12th, 2019
Articles Posted: 6

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