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Major Procedures Adopted by Expert Urologists For Kidney Stone Treatment

Posted by jprurologyhospital on January 16th, 2020

The recent facts and statistics about kidney stones reveal that in developed countries like the United States, kidney stones affect about 1 in 11 people and it is assumed that in the coming years around 6,00,000 Americans might suffer from this problem. In the context of India, it is estimated that 12% of the Indian population might be suffering from the disease and 50% of this population might end up losing the kidney functions. Aren’t these statistics enough to show the severity of the problem? Are you also the one suffering from kidney stones? The best kidney stone treatment in Jaipur by expert urologists can help you overcome the problem to a great extent. Apart from the treatment, it is also desired to adopt a healthy lifestyle so that you can avoid the problem in the long run. 

In medical terminology, the kidney stones can be referred to as the solid masses of crystals that form in the kidney and may damage the urological system that comprises of organs like urethra, ureters, and urinary bladder. These stones can be formed of different types of substances such as calcium, uric acid, cystine and struvite stones. The condition can be highly painful particularly when the small stones pass through the urine while the large stones are required to be removed through surgical procedures. A person suffering from diseases like kidney stones might experience symptoms such as frequent vomits, nausea, blood in urine, fever, low frequency of urination, discolored and foul-smelling urine. 

Urologists use the following surgical procedures for kidney stone treatment 

Depending on the type of stone and the stone size, the urologist can recommend the different types of surgical procedures that provide relief to the patient. In the case of small stones with minimal symptoms, the stone can pass through urine and thus, the patient is suggested to drink plenty of water and intake of eatable that contain a high proportion of water. But when large stones are present in the kidney, then they required surgical treatment for relief in the long run. Some of the common procedures include:

Ureteroscopy

The procedure is primarily used to treat stones that are found in the ureter and urinary bladder with the help of a specialized instrument like ureteroscope. The urethral stones can be removed with the help of tiny wire that is inserted into the urethra and passed up to the urinary bladder. The wire consists of a camera attached to it and helps the surgeon to get a complete view of the inside and thus, stones can be removed. 

Lithotripsy

If the patient is having small or medium-sized stones, the Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL) procedure is adopted which is a non-invasive method of kidney stone removal. The lithotripsy procedure utilizes shock waves for breaking the large stone pieces into smaller pieces so that they can easily pass through the ureter into the urinary bladder. The high-energy sound waves that are guided through ultrasound and x-ray are passed through the body that hit the stones till the time they do not break into small pieces. The patient can feel a little discomfort as the procedure can result in bruises on the stomach and back along a little amount of bleeding in the kidney and associated areas 

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy 

This procedure is highly beneficial when the size of the stones is large and they cannot pass on their own even after breaking into small pieces. The stones might be present in the ureter or bladder and can be of a size that obstructs the urine passage. Moreover, the treatment is also recommended when other surgical treatment option fails. 

In A Word

Although the kidney stone treatment in Jaipur by the experienced urologists can help patients overcome the problem to a great extent. But as it is said that prevention is better than cure, necessary measures should be adopted that can lower the risk of the diseases. The measures include keeping the body hydrated and avoiding foods that can lead to the formation of calcium and uric acid deposits.

Also See: Kidney Stones, Kidney Stone, Urinary Bladder, Stone Treatment, Stones, Stone, Kidney

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