Stages of Development of Osteoarthritis
Posted by vaishnav2010 on January 31st, 2020
Osteoarthritis is known as the joint inflammation leading to the symptomatic exhibition of pain, swelling and stiffness of the joints. It could be expressed as a degenerative disease, wherein the natural cushioning between joints known as the cartilage; gets damaged. In this regard, almost everyone will develop some degree of arthritis, since age is the primary risk factor associated with the condition; which can be attributed by the diminished natural ability of the cartilage to regenerate.
Although, at present the condition has no complete cure available, but technological advancements in the science has allowed easy access to, many back up treatments like stem cells therapy; which can reduce or stop the progression of osteoarthritis. With this unique treatment alternative, it is now possible to manage the condition to improve quality of life significantly. Through variety of clinical evaluations, it has been very clear that, the effectiveness of the treatment is way better in patients with acute conditions than the chronic cases. Thus, it is very important to keep a check on the stages of development of the osteoarthritis.
Being a progressive condition, osteoarthritis is broadly categorized into five stages of development. Out of five, stage 0 is considered to be a healthy joint whereas the stage 4 is referred to as severe case of joint disorder; causing significant pain and movement loss.
Stage 0: - This stage is classified to be healthy with normal structural and functional integrity of the joints. The joints will not show any signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and hence no treatment is needed.
Stage 1: - Patients with stage 1 osteoarthritis display very small bone spur growth often visible where bones meet each other in the joints. This development of bony growth is an indication of minor degeneration of cartilaginous cushioning as the first sign of initiation of osteoarthritis. Generally, a person with stage 1 osteoarthritis will not experience any pain or discomfort. As such there is not an immediate need of treatment with this stage, but if the patient is predisposed to osteoarthritis; stem cells treatment can be offered to slow down a progression of the condition.
Stage 2: - This stage is categorized as the mild condition. The x-ray analysis may reveal increased development of bone spurs; with healthy sized cartilage. In this stage, patient will start experiencing the symptoms such as mild pain, greater stiffness in the joints and/or tenderness.
Stage 3: - Stage 3 osteoarthritis is classified as moderate osteoarthritis, wherein the degeneration of cartilages will be visible in x-ray analysis, narrowing the space between the joints. People with stage 3 osteoarthritis reportedly will complain about frequent pain during motion. Joint stiffness can also be reported in the morning or after sitting for the longer time.
Stage 4: - This is considered to be a severe form of osteoarthritis. Patients with stage 4 will experience unbearable pain and discomfort. The joint space will observed to be greatly reduced with increased fiction between the two bones. The cartilage will be visibly absent, leaving behind the stiff and immobile joints.
An infusion of mesenchymal stem cells treatment stimulated with patient’s own platelet rich plasma is highly recommended as an alternative novel therapy that modulate the inflammation associated with the condition, speed up the differentiation of cartilages to stop or slow down the progression; thus can help in relieving the pain and hardship associated with the condition.Stem Cells, Stage 4, Stage 3, Stage 1, Stage, Osteoarthritis, Joints
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