How Does the Hadron Collider Uses a China Valve

Posted by Alvin Sylvester on February 3rd, 2020

One of the most amazing and important projects in modern times is the Large Hadron Collider. Such a project can propel humankind years ahead in the future if we can obtain the desired results. The LHC can give us answers about the universe. Questions such as “What was before the Big Bang?” might finally be answered. The components of this amazing machinery can vary from extremely advanced computers to a china gate valve. The role of a china valve is to maintain certain pressure or temperatures in designated areas. Those functions cannot be overstated since one little mistake can ruin the whole experiment.

What Exactly Is the Large Hadron Collider

Amazingly, the LHC is the biggest machine in the world. It is of circular shape and it has the function of an energy particle collider. This is why it bears the name LHC. The creators are represented by the CERN institute and the main location is beneath the France-Switzerland borders. This is somewhere near Geneva. The construction took place between 1998-2008 and included over 10,000 scientists and other types of workers fo completion. The collider is 27 km long and buried as deep as 175 meters. This type of achievement is the kind that makes the human race move forward in advancements.

The energy generated is so high that is measured in teraelectronvolts per beam. The first collisions were completed in 2010 at an outstanding 3.5 teraelectronvolts per beam. After further upgrades, the scientists have managed to reach energies as high as 13 TeV. Nowadays the project is shut down for more improvements since 2018.

The main purpose of this experiment is to study incredibly small particles that cannot be otherwise be interacted with. Subatomic composite particles are made out of quarks that are gravitating towards one another through the strong force. This kind of alignment is called a hadron. The particle accelerator directs two beams of particles towards each other at incredibly high speeds until they collide. The explosions resulted in those collisions are meticulously studied by scientist to further unravel the laws of nature and even discover new particles never seen before.

How Does A China Valve Fit

The LHC has many areas and departments that need to work like a Swiss watch. At an exact rate all the time. There are lots of areas where a  china valve  has the responsibility to maintain temperatures and pressure. For example, helium superfluids need to have safety valves. They operate with a 1.9 K pressurized superfluid helium inside their inlet. Usually, those are made by an industrial contractor who can prove the quality of its products. Some of the characteristics in which valves are tested include:
• thermal performance
• leak tightness
• dynamic behavior
• and resistance to intensive mechanical cycling.

Usually, after these tests are done, a china valve is validated for the production process where the technical requirements are stated. The purpose of those tests is to ensure that no defective product would be installed into the LHC. Any malfunction can cause huge further damages to the machine. Every test is concluded in the presence of CERN representatives.

The Role of A China Gate Valve

One of the most important roles of a  china gate valve is to sectorize the LHC vacuum. These products are placed at key designated areas throughout the ring. The main purpose is to close the valves and make a beam dump before damage is caused. The speed at which the valves are closed is incredibly high. This is why the materials they are made out of must be extremely durable.

Vacuum is a space with the absence of matter. This type of space is widely recognized by scientists because It would make an ideal testing area. The results of tests done in a vacuum should be of absolute value because nothing would have interfered. An easy definition of the phenomenon is that a space like this is one where the pressure is considerably lower than the atmospheric pressure. To create such a space is an incredibly hard and costing process. This is why something otherwise considered a generic product as a china gate valve is given so much attention at the Large Hadron Collider.

One example of a single component damaging many other is the incident know as “Quench”. On 19 September 2008, a magnet quench happened in one hundred bending magnets. This resulted in a loss of huge amounts of liquid helium. Furthermore, the vapors expanded with explosive force and damaged lots of other important components such as superconducting magnets and vacuum pipes. Because of this, vacuum conditions were also destroyed, putting the project on a time setback.

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Alvin Sylvester

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Alvin Sylvester
Joined: November 11th, 2019
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