Gestational Diabetes: what it is, Symptoms and Treatments for Women by Dr Sujata
Posted by Nurvi Naari on March 14th, 2020
The gestational diabetes or gestational is a diabetic condition that is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy . It is manifested by little evident symptoms , which is why women frequently do not realize the development of the pathology.
It is a disease that affects only pregnant women. Gestational diabetes mellitus is linked exclusively to pregnancy, but in any case denotes a condition predisposing to type II diabetes, although they are two pathologies with distinct natural histories.
It consists of an alteration of the glucose metabolism so that, during pregnancy, there is an increase in blood glucose values. It affects about 6-7% of pregnant women and is a disorder that usually disappears after childbirth.
Obviously it is not a pathology to be underestimated. In fact, if not diagnosed and treated correctly, it could generate problems in the moment of delivery. In addition, it represents a risk factor for a possible onset of type II diabetes.
Therefore, to avoid complications, it is essential to understand their causes and possible treatments. In fact, specific therapies and adequate nutrition allow you to keep it under control.
With the right precautions, it is possible to carry on the pregnancy in full serenity despite gestational diabetes, without dangers for the unborn child or for the mother.
What is gestational diabetes?
After digestion, glucose is absorbed into the blood and then made usable by the cells through a hormone called insulin , produced by the beta cells of the pancreas .
Hormonal changes related to pregnancy cause some hormones, produced by the placenta, to hinder the action of insulin. In this way, the cells become less sensitive to the action of this hormone.
It is a natural process. In some women with particular genetic characteristics , however, the pancreas cannot compensate for this deficit through an increase in insulin production and release . Thus, the blood sugar level rises, with the risk of complications for the mother and fetus .
Gestational diabetes is particular, since it occurs in women who are not previously affected by diabetes and appears only during pregnancy.
It is therefore not necessarily related to a diabetes pre-existing to pregnancy and which, during the course of gestation, could become complicated, giving rise to even complex pathologies .
The causes and risk factors
Do you think that a pregnant woman, towards the end of gestation , with the same number of calories, produces more insulin than that of a non-pregnant woman. Sometimes, however, this condition of hyperinsulinism cannot compensate for insulin resistance. There is therefore an increase in blood sugar and the appearance of gestational diabetes.
Why do some pregnant women not develop gestational diabetes and others do?
There are obviously risk factors that have an impact on the occurrence of this pathology:
In other cases, hyperglycaemia occurs with:
frequent need to urinate;
body weight loss in the face of increased hunger;
unjustified increase in thirst;
very frequent urinary infections (such as cystitis and candidiasis);
nausea and vomiting: these disorders are very frequent in pregnancy, therefore insignificant.
Good rules for the prevention of gestational diabetes, as well as type II diabetes, are:
regular and constant physical activity;
balanced diet and low in simple sugars and saturated fats
In case of being overweight, it may be advisable to plan pregnancy, planning to lose weight before becoming pregnant.
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About the AuthorNurvi Naari
Joined: February 11th, 2020
Articles Posted: 11
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