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Fire Alarm System Design And Its Importance

Posted by Jolie Group on April 2nd, 2020

The fire protection system has multiple components, and the alarm system is the most critical one. These systems are designed for different buildings according to their requirements, and some of them have very complex systems such as equipment, wiring, and other components. Its design is crucial for proper functioning so that it can work well and provide safety to all the individuals in the building in case of fire. The latest fire protection systems consist of suppression, alarms, and fire detection, and all of them should be installed together to save maximum people and buildings. Without further information, let’s discuss the alarm design in our guide.

Fire alarm design guide

No matter if you are not going to install a fire system still, it is essential for you to understand its design so that you can perform emergency work without hassle. The system design will help you know the structure of the control panel, troubleshooting, horns, and pull stations.

Below is the design explanation of it. Typical design is made up of the following component;

Initiating devices

These devices can be water flow sensors, smoke detectors, heat detectors, and they can also be operated manually.  Initiating devices are the main components that keep the system in alarm state. These initiated devices are connected with the help of 2 or 4 wires. When it comes to a power-limited function, two wires are applied with 24 VDC. These parallel wires are grounded at the control panel with the help of connectors. Each detector has a solid-state circulatory that uses this voltage. The voltage is also required for monitoring the purpose of the control panel.

Indication appliances

These components let the people know about the danger, and they can be bells, chimes, strobe lights, horns, or can be a combination of different units. These devices are capable of working in hazardous or waterproof locations.

Control Panel

The Control panel consists of the user interface, electronic devices for operations, and programming codes. The alphanumeric display also included in it, which allows users to troubleshoot problems by using a touch-pad. Users can reset or reprogram it.

Sealed batteries

6 V or 12 V batteries are included in these fire alarm systems in the form of series to provide 24 VDC. These batteries are just like the batteries that are used in emergency lights. Some of the systems have separate batteries, and some of them keep the control panel. Charging is required for emergency use when there is no current.

Auxiliary devices

This component includes LED indication, alarm silence switch, and other LEDs to show the state of the system.

Isntallation tips

It is recommended to install the control panel near the communication point (telephone or network access point) so that one can make a call instantly in case of an emergency. Choose the location carefully; if you are going to install it in a building, then security headquarter can be a good choice as it has maximum coverage. It should be away from the offices or kids' rooms in the daycare center, so the security team does not receive false alarms. Try to install in a central location of a big building so that everyone can hear it easily.

Final words

An integrated approach is required to design a fire system. You have to do a proper and comprehensive analysis of all components and their main functionalities. Make sure to do this analysis before installing the technology.

So we hope our design guide will help you understand the fire alarm functioning in a better way.

Also See: Control Panel, Fire Alarm, Alarm System, System Design, System, Fire, Design

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