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Engineering education in India: Reality, hype and problems

Posted by srihitharaj on April 23rd, 2020

Each year engineering institutions shell out thousands of engineering graduates. Among which the best engineering colleges in Telangana have their own share of contribution. Are they all employable? Are they all trained in the skills that employers need now? Today, let's dive into the reality, hype and problems that surround the engineering landscape in India

The Reality

An employability assessment company 'Aspiring Minds' based on research conducted on engineering students from India, the US and China found out that over 80% of graduates in India are unemployable. Sounds shocking! Here's what Aspiring Minds Chief Technology Officer and co-founder Varun Aggarwal has to say- “We find that a low proportion of engineers take up projects beyond the curriculum and do internships. Further, there is a lack of faculty talking about industry application of concepts in class or students getting exposure through industry talks.” The report stated that only 3.84 per cent of Indian engineering graduates have the technical, cognitive and linguistic skills required for software-related jobs in start-ups. Only 3 per cent of engineering graduates have new-age technological skills of artificial intelligence, machine learning, data science and mobile development. The report also reveals that only 40 per cent of engineering graduates do an internship, while a mere 7 percent of students do multiple internships. Well, it doesn't seem like it's all student's fault since the report also revealed that 60% of faculty doesn’t talk about the application of concepts in the industry. The report also draws comparison to the US & China. It was found that the number of engineers in the US who know how to code is almost four times than Indian engineers. The proportion of engineers who cannot write compilable code in India is almost three times the Chinese engineers who cannot do so, according to the report. These statistics show that there is so much more to do for institutions

The Hype

Engineering education is a brand. In the southern part of India, especially in our state, every student wants to be a part of the top 10 engineering colleges in Telangana. For passionate students who always dreamt of being an engineer, this brand caters its best. But, on the downside, many students enrol into engineering just for the sake of 'brand'. The hype around engineering education is also fuelled by parents pressuring their wards to take up engineering for attractive packages many IT firms have to offer. Students and parents have to consider that these packages they dream of are not for all. They are reserved for skilled graduates who are driven with true passion and are trained with industry-ready soft skills. Even recruiters usually send the offer to someone from a top campus, as compared to tier 2 colleges. Over the last century, around 20 odd engineering colleges have achieved to make a lasting brand name.  

So, parents and students recognise the factors that cause the hype of the stream or be it, the 1.5 cr packages we've heard of last year.

The Problem

As one of the top colleges in Warangal, we've witnessed a few colleges aiming for quantity rather than quality. This is a major setback. Not all students can be a part of IITs, BITS Pilani, NITs, so engineering institutions must step up their game and focus on producing quality engineers. The current challenges employers are facing is a lack of graduates with enough exposure to Research, Projects & Entrepreneurship mindset. There aren't many faculty development programs in many of the colleges. As a reputed Warangal engineering college we provide the best infrastructure to maintain great CGPA every year. But, this is not what all engineering institutions do. AspiringMinds observed that IT companies generally stay away from campus recruitment beyond the top 750 engineering colleges. That leaves 9k plus campuses with students who are virtually invisible to the recruiters. Thankfully AICTE addressed this issue and did the needful to stop mushrooming institutions across the country. But what about the skill gap? That's the responsibility of students & institutions to focus on. So, the sooner all engineering institutes address these problems, the better it's going to be for the future of engineering in India.

Enhancing the future of engineering education in India is an ongoing exercise. In the backdrop of a rapidly-changing technology environment, engineering education needs continuous reality checks to dismiss the hype and address the problems to leap ahead. So as one of the best B.Tech & M.Tech college in Warangal, we urge all institutions to strive to produce generations of students who will create an impact by solving grand challenges and lead change through innovation and entrepreneurship



Also See: Engineering Education, Engineering Graduates, Engineering Colleges, Engineering Institutions, Students, Engineering, Colleges

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