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Fire alarm system components

Posted by Jolie Group on April 25th, 2020

It is one of the most vital systems that are present in public places. Most of us are familiar with its functions. It is used to detect the danger of fire conditions at the early stages. So that the harmful effects of fire can be minimized as soon as possible, it is crucial to saving the precious lives of people present at that place by alerting them. By the activation of this danger control system, people are warned, and other safe options are adopted to lessen the loss. Parts of buildings having expensive goods are also outfitted with a fire alarm system.

Online monitoring station is used to examine the alarm system. Heat or fire is detected by the specific kind of detectors present in the system. This leads towards the activation of the horn or bell system, which warns the people to present inside the buildings. So they will move towards nearby fire exit points. The frequency of the alarm depends on the manufacturer companies or based according to the need for building in which it is equipped. Finally, fire is controlled by using gas or water sprinkle. Maintenance of the system is highly concerned. There should be daily, weekly, monthly, and annually check to ensure its quality and functioning. Check its battery condition and voltage and fix it timely if there is any defect.

 It is comprised of nine components, i.e., Heat detector, alarm panels, alarm bells, manual call points, monitoring panel, monitoring station, extinguishing panel, gas or sprinkler, and battery. Let’s discuss its components one by one:

Control panel

This is known as the brain of the system. Its main function is to monitor and manage initiating devices and send messages to fire alarm devices in case of emergency. It consists of the display to show the status, a touchpad that allows you to reset and disable alarm if needed.

Power backup

It has two power supplies; one for constant power supply, which is called primary and other for backup. Most of the alarm contains batteries in the control panel or near the control panel.

Initiating Device

Those devices which inform about a danger called initiating devices. These devices can be manual or automatic. In a manual device, a person has to push a button or something like this; on the other hand, automatic devices are designed to detect smoke, flame, or heat.

Notification device

This device consists of chimes, horns, or bells to alert people in the building.

Safety interface

The interface controls other things such as communication with the control center of the building and informs them to close the doors and leave the building immediately.

Keeping yourself updated about the control system is extremely important to behave smartly in case of emergency, and this could only be possible if you know the fire alarm system components and have a better understanding of its operations. We hope this article will be helpful for you and you can behave intelligently in case of an emergency.

Also See: Fire Alarm, Alarm System, System Components, Control Panel, System, Fire, Alarm

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