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What Is The Difference Between R Programming And C Language?

Posted by cetpatraininginstitute on April 27th, 2020



R programming is an open-source language and software environment used for graphical representation, statistical analysis, and reporting. It is acknowledged as a dialect of the S language. It is used extensively by scientists across the world. It makes it easy to analyze the data more efficiently and effectively.

R programming language is distributed freely under the General Public Licence (GNU). It works in various operating systems like Linux, UNIX, Windows, and Mac. The files which are required to install R from the pre-compiled binary versions are distributed from the internet site of the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN).


C language is a structured programming language developed in 1973. It is one of the oldest programming languages around the globe and used even today in universities and colleges to introduce candidates to computer programming.

C is one of the most robust programming languages due to its high-level abstraction, structure, and the fact that it is machine-independent. It was initially developed with the UNIX operating system and shares much in common with UNIX, which still remains a widely used operating system, and forms the core of the internet data superhighway. C Program is extensively used in Computer Technology. C is also an inspiration for the development of other languages.


R is quickly becoming the lingua franca of Data Science. Having its roots in academics, you will spot it today in a growing number of business settings as well as where it is a contestant to commercial software incumbents like STATA, SAS, and SPSS.

This indicates that the demand for individuals with R knowledge is increasing, and consequently joining R programming online course is clearly a smart investment career-wise. This rise is unlikely to decrease in the next years with big players like Microsoft and Oracle stepping up by including R in its offerings.


C language is one of the most prevalent computer languages in current times since it is a high level, structured, and machine-independent language. It allows software developers to develop software without bothering about the hardware platforms where they will be executed. Another strong reason emphasizing the importance of the C programming language is that it sits close to the operating system. This trait makes it an effective language because system-level resources, such as memory, can be accessed easily. You can consider joining the C language online Course to make your fundamentals strong.


  • R is excellent for statistical analysis.
  • R is also created around a command line, but many people work inside of environments like RStudio or R commander that include a data editor, debugging support, and a window to hold graphics as well.
  • R language is recognized as an excellent tool for data visualization. Visualized data can be better comprehended than raw numbers. R and visualization go hand-in-hand. It covers quite a few packages that correspond with this.
  • R programming creates excellent results of visualization which can be used in research papers. The results can be traced when required and can be reproduced to create a different result structure.
  • R language offers large community support with more than 1000 developers and brings talents of data scientists spread across the globe. The community comprises packages in different domains like machine learning, finance, web technologies, and pharmacy.


  • C Programming offers low-level features that are usually offered by the Lower level languages. C is closely related to Lower level Language like “Assembly Language“. It is simpler to write assembly language codes in C programming.
  • C is well- known for its simplicity and is easy to use because of its structured approach.
  • C Programs are portable which means they can be run on any Compiler with Little or no Modification. Preprocessor and Compiler make it Possible for C Program to run it on various PC.
  • It supports the characteristics of dynamic memory allocation. In C language, you can free the allocated memory at any time by calling the free function.
  • C Program contains different Modules that are integrated together to form a complete program. Modular programming is a software design method that increases the extent to which software is composed of separate parts, called modules.


In the above-given points, we have discussed the features and characteristics of both R Programing as well as C language. Both have their set of advantages and disadvantages. The choice of a programming language depends on your projects, needs & requirements as both are good in their own way.

Also See: C Language, R Programming, Programming Language, Operating System, Programming, Language, Data

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