Posted by lexifip158 on June 14th, 2020
Gender surveys help us to understand and distinguish between the natural biological and gender differences created by the gender roles that society has created from time to time. Further gender studies also help us understand the gender distribution that exists in the community.
Feminine psychology is also involved in highlighting the gender bias that existed in traditional psychological theories and offers alternative theories to address these biases and propagate new thinking. Work related to hysteria and neurosis is especially important in this Psychology.
Feminine Psychology: "Penis Envy"
There was a time when it was a widely accepted belief that women were in fact "imperfect men" and their imperfection aroused their sexual defects. It was believed that women would do anything like men because of this sexual inadequacy, which can be more explicitly stated as the jealousy of not having a "penis". The irony of it all is that this thinking came from one of the brilliant minds of the 19th century, ie. Sigmund Freud, the father of the psychoanalytic movement. He invented the term "envy of the penis" for what he called as the sexual inadequacy of women, which manifested itself in all her thinking and actions. It was even postulated that women became hysterical and neurotic when their desire to be like men could not be fulfilled. He said women were envious of all that men stood for, and this envy begins in childhood when a woman sees that she is devoid of a penis that her brother has. For more than 150 years, this theory was accepted without major questions, and women suffered greatly because of this mindset that spread in society as a norm.
Feminine psychology: The theory of "Penis envy" and the challenge to the theory
It was not until the early and later part of the 20th century that this belief was adequately challenged by some brilliant female psychoanalysts and psychologists. They challenged Freud's theory by strongly advocating the fact that Freud was actually a prisoner of his culture and time, and what he said and interpreted was based on the social conditions of his times. In the 19th century, the Victorian culture of women lived a very discriminated and marginalized life and had many restrictions that were hampered by them. In this kind of scenario, every time women became frustrated and tried to challenge the system, they were severely rejected and they became ridiculous for trying to "imitate men". This phenomenon was called "penis envy," and all their feelings and emotions were smeared as neurotic behaviors that were believed to be naturally associated with them.Also See: Feminine Psychology, Penis Envy, Women Became, Sexual Inadequacy, Women, Psychology, Gender
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