Zero Liquid Discharge Industry explained in the report with major key

Posted by rohit on December 7th, 2020

Market Overview

Zero liquid discharge (ZLD) is a wastewater treatment process, which is designed to remove liquid waste from the system. This is done to achieve zero discharge at the end of wastewater management cycle so that no liquid waste leaves the boundary of the facility. It is a progressive wastewater treatment process that is comprised of reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, evaporation/crystallization, and fractional electro deionization. There are two types of zero liquid discharge systems namely conventional ZLD systems and hybrid ZLD systems. Conventional ZLD system includes falling film brine concentrators, vertical tube vertical tube evaporators (seed slurry concentrators) and non-seeded evaporators, forced circulation crystallizers, horizontal spray film evaporators, filter presses, centrifuges and drum dryers for sludge dewatering. Moreover, hybrid ZLD system involves integrated automated system with membrane pre-concentrators, followed by thermal/evaporation technologies.

The global zero liquid discharge market is estimated to account for US$ 699.0 Mn in terms of value and by the end of 2019

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Market Dynamics

The availability of freshwater across the world has decreased significantly. Growing industrialization has led to increased generation of water waste thereby increasing water pollution worldwide. Furthermore, stringent regulatory polices enforced by government agencies in developed countries such as the U.S., Canada, and countries in Western Europe have accelerated the adoption of zero discharge systems. Agencies such as Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.), European Water Association (Europe), and India Water Works Association (India) coupled with government authorities are proactively forming regulatory policies, in order to curb water pollution, which in turn, is expected to drive the market growth in the near future. According to the United Nations (UN) Water Report, out of total water available on the Earth’s surface today, only 0.5% is freshwater, which can be used for consumption. According to the same source, around 60% of this freshwater is unevenly distributed with major share concentrated among ten countries of the world. This, in turn, could lead to water scarcity thereby driving growth of the global zero liquid discharge market in the near future.

Since there has been shortage of freshwater for drinking, industrial, and household purposes, the desalination of seawater has been opted as common process. The desalination of seawater for obtaining usable water has been a crucial technique in ZLD technologies. Currently, ZLD desalination techniques are used primarily to treat power plant cooling water and industrial waste. Evaporation ponds and industrial water streams are some of commonly used ZLD desalination techniques. Thus, implementation of ZLD desalination in industrial sectors is expected to drive the market growth over the forecast period.

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Key companies operating in the global zero liquid discharge market Aquatech International LLC, Alfa Laval Corporate AB, GEA Group, U.S. Water Services Inc., Veolia Water Technologies, Oasys Water, Inc., GE Water & Process Technologies, Thermax Global, Suez Environnement, 3v Green Eagle S.p.A., ENCON Evaporators, Aquarion AG, Doosan Hydro Technology, and IDE Technologies.

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