Dsm Iv Articles

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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) - Pros and Cons
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, fourth edition, text revision [American Psychiatric Association. DSM-IV-TR, Washington, 2000] - or the DSM-IV-TR for short - describes Axis II personality disorders as "deeply ingrained, maladaptive, lifelong behavior patterns". But the classificatory model the DSM has been using since 1952 is harshly criticized as woefully inadequate by many scholars and practitioners. The DSM is categorical. It states that personality disorders are "qualitatively distinct clinical syndromes" (p. 689). But this is by no means widely accepted. As we saw in my previous ar...

Global Veterinary Feed Additives Market 2017 : DuPont, DSM, Adisseo
Market Research Explore : Global Veterinary Feed Additives Market is expanding widely leading by arising from new infrastructures, rapid development of commercial buildings, and residencies especially in developing countriesThe Global Veterinary Feed Additives Market is estimated to reach Billion in 2017. On the basis of region, Asia Pacific is the largest market segment of Veterinary Feed Additives, followed by Europe and North America. In the report, Research says Residential & Industrial dominates the largest Application share in 2017. The objective of report is to outline, segment, a...

Global Beta-Carotene Market 2017 - DSM, BASF, Allied Bictech, Chr Hansen, LYCORE
Market Research Explore says,”Global Beta-CaroteneMarket 2017 is depth and professional market research report.”This report studies by Regional,Application,Type and Manufactures in global market.The Report begins with an overview of historical data of the Beta-Carotene Market along with the current scenario.Basic overview of definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain overview, industry policies and plans, product specifications, manufacturing processes, cost structures and so on.The next part of the report features an in-depth segmentation of the market....

Pathological Gambling and Poly-Behavioral Addiction
What Happens in Vegas (losing) – Stays in Vegas (your money)Recently, I visited Atlantic City for a family reunion and while driving on the Atlantic City Express Way I noticed a flashing – neon road sign that read, “You drive – you speed – you lose.” After spending a week there, I told my relatives that the sign should read, “You drive - to Atlantic City – You lose,” as speeding is optional. Whether it is in Las Vegas, Atlantic City, or even at home on your own computer – with some online gambling website, what eventually happens is that approximately 20 million Americans develop gambling pr...

The Insanity of the Defense
I. The Insanity Defense"It is an ill thing to knock against a deaf-mute, an imbecile, or a minor. He that wounds them is culpable, but if they wound him they are not culpable." (Mishna, Babylonian Talmud)If mental illness is culture-dependent and mostly serves as an organizing social principle - what should we make of the insanity defense (NGRI- Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity)?A person is held not responsible for his criminal actions if s/he cannot tell right from wrong ("lacks substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality (wrongfulness) of his conduct" - diminished capacit...

Pathological Eating Disorders and Poly-Behavioral Addiction
When considering that pathological eating disorders and their related diseases now afflict more people globally than malnutrition, some experts in the medical field are presently purporting that the world’s number one health problem is no longer heart disease or cancer, but obesity. According to the World Health Organization (June, 2005), “obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than 1 billion adults overweight - at least 300 million of them clinically obese - and is a major contributor to the global burden of chronic disease and disability. Often coexisting in developing ...

Axes of Personality Disorders
Personality disorders are like tips of icebergs. They rest on a foundation of causes and effects, interactions and events, emotions and cognitions, functions and dysfunctions that together form the patient and make him or her what s/he is. The DSM uses five axes to analyze, classify, and describe these data. The patient (or subject) presents himself to a mental health diagnostician, is evaluated, tests are administered, questionnaires fulfilled, and a diagnosis rendered. The diagnostician uses the DSM's five axes to "make sense" and meaningfully organize of the information he had gathered in ...

Narcissistic Personality Disorder - Prevalence and Comorbidity
What is the Difference between Healthy Narcissism and the Pathological Kind? In my book "Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited", I define pathological narcissism as: "(A) life-long pattern of traits and behaviors which signify infatuation and obsession with one's self to the exclusion of all others and the egotistic and ruthless pursuit of one's gratification, dominance and ambition." Luckily for us, we are all narcissists to some degree. But healthy narcissism is adaptive, flexible, empathic, causes elation and joy (happiness), and help us to function. Pathological narcissism is mal...

Religious Fanaticism and Poly-behavioral Addiction
Surveys show that religion and spirituality play a central role in the lives of most of the population in human experience. Gallup (2004) found that 59% of adults nationwide say religion is a very important part of their lives. An additional 26% of Americans say religion is fairly important to them. Just 15% of respondents say religion is not very important. About two-thirds of Americans, 64%, belong to a church or synagogue. The religious and spiritual dimensions of culture were found to be among the most important factors that structure human experience, beliefs, values, behavior, and illnes...

What Causes Poly-Behavioral Addiction?
The reasons for initially trying different socially acceptable legal drugs (e.g. alcohol, cigarettes, etc.), and/ or illegal drugs, or for that matter any addictive behavior involvement (e.g. gambling, binge-eating, etc.) are multi-factored (e.g. peer-pressure, boredom, etc.). In the twentieth century approximately 65% (Helzer et al., 1990) of healthy American individuals (born in a family--free from a history of substance abuse for example, and raised in a positive environment with positive values and conditioning) experiment with underage drinking and possibly smoking cigarettes at least onc...

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