Heath Savings Accounts (HSAs) Mean Big Tax Savings

Posted by nick_niesen on November 8th, 2010

Concerned about the high cost of healthcare? Worried that your insurance doesnít cover all your costs? Fortunately, a partial solution may be just around the corner. Since January 2004, taxpayers have had a tax savings tool called Health Savings Accounts, or HSAs. These HSAs may solve many of your healthcare cost problems.

How an HSA Works

In a nutshell, HSAs work like this. You buy a specific type of major medical, or catastrophic coverage, insurance called a High Deductible Health Plan. (This special HSA-compatible insurance is also known by the acronym HDHP.) Then, you annually contribute up to roughly $5,100 for a family and up to $2,600 for an individual--to a special health savings account. (Note that slightly higher deductions are available to taxpayers over the age of 55. Also, annual deductions are indexed for inflation.)

How You Save Taxes with HSAs

HSAs work because you get a tax deduction for the money you contribute to the health savings account. However, as long you spend the money in the account for eligible healthcare expensesópretty much anything reasonableóyou aren't taxed when you withdraw the money. Note that HSAs deductions are not limited by taxpayer incomes.

In effect, the HSA makes all or most of your uncovered healthcare expenses fully deductible. This is a big deal because for most people, healthcare expenses are not deductible.

Just to put the value of an HSA into perspective, a family can save from $500 to as much as $1750 annually in income taxes by using one of these accounts. The final savings, predictably, depend on family income and the state where the family lives.

One other thing. Donít confuse HSAs with the old style Flexible Spending Accounts, or FSAs. With FSAs, you lost the money you didnít spend by the end of the year. With HSAs, you donít lose the money. The unused balance just carries forward to the next year.

Arenít Medical Expenses a Tax Deduction Anyway?

No, not really. For most people medical expenses are not a tax deduction. Hereís why. Healthcare expenses do count as an itemized deduction for people who donít use the standard deduction. However, only the portions of oneís healthcare costs that exceed 7.5% of adjusted gross income get deducted. That means that most people never get to use their healthcare costs as tax deductions because their healthcare costs donít cross the 7.5% threshold.

Another Benefit: HSAs May Also Save Premiums

HSAs sometimes produce another economic benefit. The HDHP insurance itself may save people money because they buy less insurance. This is especially true for people who arenít already using major medical insurance.

How to Set Up a Health Savings Account

HSA accounts aren't difficult to set up. Essentially, you do just two things. (1) Get medical insurance that qualifies as an HDHP, and (2) Open an HSA account with a bank that offers HSAs. Your current medical insurance provider is a good place to start your search for HDHP insurance. You can also check with your stateís Blue Cross or Blue Shield insurer.

Three Warnings about HSAs

For what it's worth, I am now using an HSA myself. (I got my HDHP from Premera Blue Cross and use an HSA account from HSA Bank.) But let me also share three caveats: First, obviously, you never want to cancel one insurance policy until you're sure you have a replacement policy. Second, you do need to be careful about the fees associated with the HSA "bank account," so shop around. Third, if you withdraw money from an HSA for something other than a valid medical expense, the withdrawal is taxable and subject to a 10% penalty.

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Also See: Healthcare Expenses, Don T, Tax Deduction, Savings Account, Insurance, Hsas, Hsa
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