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TDS on purchase of property- What you must Know

Posted by taxguru on June 15th, 2018

The rule of 1% TDS on property purchase was introduced in Budget 2013-14 for putting a check on the deceitful property deals. For checking the extensive use of black money in the immovable properties, the Indian government introduced a law, wherein, a buyer of a property needs to deduct TDS (tax at source) while paying the sale consideration to the seller for such property.

From June 2013, the regulation requires that on every sale of property where the value of such property exceeds INR 50 lakhs, TDS (tax deducted at source) at the rate of 1% needs to be deducted on total sale consideration by the purchaser before making such payment to the owner of such property.

Properties covered under this rule

Section 194IA necessitates a buyer to deduct TDS at the rate of 1% from the sale consideration, in case the value of such transaction exceeds INR 50 lakhs. The provisions contained in this section cover commercial property, residential property, and land. However, transactions relating to purchase of agricultural land, aren’t covered under Section 194IA.

TDS on Property Purchase

When to deduct and how to pay TDS

A purchaser needs to deduct TDS on property purchase while executing conveyance deed, or while making an advance payment if an advance needs to be paid before execution of such conveyance deed.

  1. Calculate TDS at the rate of 1 percent on total sale consideration. For instance, if a property is being sold for INR 60 lakhs, the buyer needs to pay INR 59,40,000 to the seller after deducting INR 60,000 as TDS.
  2. The buyer then needs to make the payment of TDS online in the Form 26QB. Once the payment is through a challan would be generated. This should be done within a period of 7 days from the end of the month where such TDS is deducted.
  3. This payment would be reflected in Form 26AS of the seller under Part F within 7 days.
  4. The buyer of such property then needs to furnish a TDS certificate (Form 16B) to such seller. This could also be downloaded from TRACES website.

Penalty in case of default

If the buyer fails to deposit TDS on property purchase to the credit of Central Government within 7 days, then he would be liable to interest charges as per the provisions contained in Section 201. According to this section, a person liable to deduct tax at source on distributed income becomes an assessee in default if he fails to deduct such TDS or fails to pay the TDS to the credit of the central government.  The penalty of 1.5% is levied in case TDS isn’t paid to the credit of central government after it has been deducted by the purchases and penalty of 1% TDS isn’t deducted by the purchaser.

No provision for nil or lower deduction of TDS

Some provisions relating to TDS provide for a payee for approaching an income tax officer for issuance of a certificate, so that buyer deducts TDS at a nil or lower rate. However, there’s no such provision with respect to TDS on property purchase for lower or nil TDS. The purchaser needs to deduct TDS mandatorily, where consideration is more than INR 50 lakhs.

Also See: Property Purchase, Sale Consideration, Deduct Tds, Inr 50, Tds, Property, Needs

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